The former princely state of Tripura (Hill Tipperah) finds mention
in ancient Indian texts such as the Mahabharat and the Ain-l-Akbari
and a pillar erected by King Samudragupta, now in Allahabad. The
history of this proud kingdom is recorded in the Rajmala, the state
chronicle maintained by Brahmin purohits. Ruled once by a series
of 183 kings, the kingdom reached its zenith in 1490 under Dhanya
Manikya. In time Hill Tipperah was to come in conflict with the
Mughal governors of Bengal during the decline of that great empire.
Much of what had been the outer reaches of Tripura, were lost
to the British when they took over Bengal. The kingdom of Tripura
was eventually absorbed into the Indian Union in 1947.
Tripura has been greatly influenced by Bengal (parts of which
were once an integral part of the kingdom) culturally and spiritually;
Bengali was the court language. So don't be too surprised if driving
along the roads you espy shrines dedicated to Kali, the important
deity of Bengal.
The cultural and religious learnings of about twenty different
tribal communities, in addition to all this makes Tripura a wonderful
amalgam of cross-cultural diversity. Though each ethnic community
enjoys its own individual cultural strengths, this melting point
is often referred
to as a laboratory of exotic cultural synthesis. This tiny state
is now emerging slowly into India's tourism arena.
The beauty of the erstwhile princely state of Tripura stems from
the splendour of its natural setting and its dazzling heritage.
No great peaks punctuate the skies, nor are its major rivers such
as the Khowai, Manu and Gornti any match for the mighty Brahmaputra.
Yet its verdant expanses and rich forestlands have been a great
attraction to people down the centuries and for tourists down the
decades it offers a plethora of delightful attractions in its cavalcade
of historic palaces, rock cut carvings, stone sculptures, Buddhist
and Hindu holy places, wildlife sanctuaries and tribal people. Poet
laureate Rabindranath Tagore, an honoured guest found its pollution-free,
eco-friendly environment, pleasant climate and tranquility the perfect
retreat to compile some of his works here. Blending into the hills
and valleys, the villages are a tapestry of rich ethnic traditions.
A series of low ranges running in a northwest to southeast direction
dissect the state, with elevations progressing gradually from 100
ft- 3000 ft from southwest to northeast. Bangladesh with whom the
state had deep linkages before India's partition is tucked around
it from three sides.
Of the 19 hill tribes who dominate its terrain, the Tripuris are
the largest while the Reangs, who came in from Chittagong, are the
second largest amongst the tribes living in the state. Other tribes
include the Jamatia, Noatia, Darlong, Halam, Garo, Chakma and Kalai.
For the visitor, Tripura (one of the relatively unknown holiday
destinations of the North East) is a bundle full of surprises. Its
cross-cultural ethnic diversity, its ancient temples, its vast tracts
of natural beauty and its rich tradition of handicrafts are tempting
enough to draw the discerning holiday maker.
Tripura - Information on Fairs & Festivals, Wildlife, Excursion, Adventure, Weather, Travel, Tourism, tours and Major Cities of Tripura india