Land of myths and festivals, brave warriors and tribal richness,
Nagaland lures the adventurous of heart. Its colourful people, great
verdant landscapes and cultural strengths are a delightful combination
for a delightful holiday experience. Formally enrolled in as the
16th state of the Indian Union, in 1963, Nagaland shares borders
with Assam, Myanmar, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur.
Three great mountain ranges, running parallel to each other in
a jagged line from north to south, comprise the backbone of Nagaland;
these are the Patkal, Barail and Naga ranges from which flow numerous
rivers of which the most significant are the Dikhu and the Doyang.
The rugged mountainous terrain is highest in Saramati in the Tuesang
district, which is 3840 m above sea level. Japfu Peak (3014 m) is
the highest peak in Kohima district.
The dazzling array of ethnic lifestyles opens up fresh insights
into a land that has a prism-like beauty. Each facet is honed to
a bright finish that charms as much as it intrigues - as you delve
deeper into its culture. Its turbulent history, song and dance,
indigenous crafts, costumes and jewellery and myths and legends
are an intrinsic part of the warp and weft of its traditions.
The multi-hued tapestry of Nagaland is as colourful as its festivals,
as strong and vigorous as its turbulent rivers, as rich and varied
as its flora and fauna...
Sharing borderlines with Myanmar in the east, Assam in its western
and northern periphery, the Tirap district of NEFA in Arunachal
Pradesh in the northeast and Manipur in the south, Nagaland's blue-hued
mountains and emerald expanses comprise an intriguing world of ancient
rituals and a proud people. This verdant homeland of the Nagas was
formally inaugurated as the state of Nagaland in 1963, the 16th
State of the Indian Union.
Tiger, leopard, elephant, sambar, wild buffalo and bear people
its deep jungles while its vast expanses of paddy fields, fed by
an elaborate indigenous irrigation system, are a veritable feast
for the eyes. Known for its salubrious climate, Nagaland has considerable
rainfall during the monsoons that run from June to September.
Spread over an area of 16,527 sq km, its population resides mainly
in the rural area. Kohima, its capital, Dimapur and Mokokchung are
its most important towns. Nagas have evolved into a generic term
for many tribal communities in the North East. Of the 32 such tribes,
16 major and numerous sub-tribes spread over Nagaland's seven districts;
primary amongst them are the Angamis, the Sema, Konyak, Aos and
the Rengmas, each with their own distinct culture and lifestyle.
Though they were animist by tradition, almost 98% of the population
embraced Christianity under the influence of English missionaries.
The Nagas were also exposed to western culture when the English
recruited them as a labour corps to serve in France during the Second
World War. They were highly commended for their loyalty and bravery.
Naga society is a well-knit and cohesive unit living by ancient
tenets that play an important role in contemporary life. One of
its interesting features is the tradition of the Morung, a dormitory
exclusively for men, which is the focal point of the village.
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