Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore formed Shantiniketan as an International
University. He intended it to be a place where the cultures of the
East and the West could meet and mingle. Named Vishva-Bharati, the
University maintains Indian traditions while incorporating the best
of other cultures.
Shantiniketan, the abode of peace, was initially an Ashram founded
in 1863 by Maharishi Devendranath Tagore. In 1901 his son, Rabindranath
converted it into an experimental open-air school with just five
students. It proved a success. He widened the scope of studies and
gradually formed the nucleus of a University. The splendid sculptures,
frescoes, murals and paintings of Rabindranath, Nandlal Bose, Ramkinkar,
Bindobehari Mukhopadhyaya and others adorn the campus.
a University town and a centre of learning. The Uttarayan complex
where the poet lived consists of several buildings such as Udayana.
Konark, Shyamali, Punascha and Udichi which reflect the architectural
genius of the poet's illustrious son the late Rathindranath Tagore.
In addition there are Kala Bhavan (College of Fine Arts and Crafts).
Sangit Bhavan (College of Music and Dance), Vidya Bhavan (College
of Humanities), Siksha-Bhavan (College of Science) and Vinaya Bhavan
(Teacher's Training College), Cheena Bhavan and Hindi Bhavan. The
Shantiniketan campus of Viswa Bharati has grown up to be a centre
for learning with a bias towards art, music and humanities. At Shriniketan,
mainly a Centre for Rural Service and Studies (Palli Samgathan Bibhaga),
there is a college of Agriculture (Palli Siksha Sadan) as well.
The places of interest are mainly on the campus and have a distinctive
feature of some of the best in Indian art and culture.
The Chinese Faculty.
Here Maharshi Devendranath, the father of Rabindranath Tagore, used
to meditate. Prayersare held usually at Convocation time. Successful
graduates of the Vishwa Bharati University are presented a branch
of five leaves each from the Saptaparni trees which abound in the
The College of Fine Arts & Crafts has an museum exhibiting sculptures,
frescoes & murals and a library of art books.
Now a secondary school, it is of particular interest as an example
of the traditional `Brahmacharya Ashram'.
Founded by the poet's father in 1863, the hall is made of glass.
Prayers are held on Wednesday.
Also called Rabindra Bhavan, a Research Centre and Museum where
the poet's personal belongings, paintings & various editions
of his works are exhibited.
College of Dance and Music. The University is replete with works
on Art, Music and the Humanities.
The poet lived and worked in the Northern Complex consisting of
several buildings as : Udayana, Konarka, Shyamali, Punascha and
Udichi. The Bichitra ( or, Rabindra Bhavan ) designed by the poet's
son Rathindranath Tagore.
Fullora (40 kms), Nalhati (104 kms), Kankalitala (7 kms), Bakreshwar
(58 kms): Nearest railway station Dubrajpur 12 kms. WBTDC Tourist
Lodges & PWD Inspection Bungalows available
Massanjore (78 kms)
Mayurakshi Bhavan, Youth Hostel available to stay there.
Kendubilwa (42 kms)
Buses ply from Bolpur railway station. Buses also ply or Kenduli
from Calcutta for tourists.
Nanoor (23 kms)
Birthplace of the Vaisnava poet,Chandidas (14th century). Buses
ply from Bolpur railway station. Travet Sng time: one hour.
Tarapith (80 kms)
One can reach Tarapith firstly from Bolpur to Rampurhat by train
or bus and then 5 kms by bus or cycle rickshaw. Ramkanai Dharamshala
a number of hotels are there.
Fairs & Festival
Though the birthdate of Rabindranath falls on May 8/9, the anniversary
as well as the Bengali New Year is celebrated on the first day of
the Bengali New Year (mid April).
Planting of saplings and Halakarshan, ploughing of fields on 22nd
&23 Sravana (August).
The festival of rains during August/ September.
(December 22/23-25). A fair is held at Shantiniketan from 7th to
9th Poush and Visva Bharati observes its foundation day. Tribal
sports dances and folk songs including songs by Bauls, the-wandering
minstrels of Bengal, are a part of the fair and festivities.
Celebrated on the 11th of magha (January), to mark the anniversary
of Brahmo Samaj.
Held to mark Holi. The students dance and sing their ways through
Amrakunja, followed by open-air variety programs.
The nearest airport is Calcutta 213 kms away.
The nearest railhead is Bolpur, 2 km away. Trains connect Bolpur
with Howrah/Sealdah in Calcutta.
Motorable roads connect Shantiniketan with Calcutta, Burdwan 48
kms, Durgapur 56 kms, and Sarnath 197 kms
Tourist cars and buses available from the Manager, Tourist Lodge.
General Information & Accomdation info on Shantiniketan city of West Bengal - India