Kolkata, was the capital of British India. The Gateway to India
till 1912 . Kolkata is the commercial capital of the east, with
major industrial plants, textile mills and corporate houses.
The people of Kolkata are known to be connoisseurs of art and
sports. Their passion for football and cricket is hardly unknown
to anyone. A person who visits Kolkata for once can never forget
the city. Such in the magic of the city.
West Bengal pioneered museum development in India with institutions
like the Asiatic Society (1784), the Indian Botanic Garden (1787)
and the Indian Museum (1814) -institutions which are amongst the
oldest in India and upto this day remain principal attractions of
tourists visiting Kolkata. There also exist about twentyfive other
museums of zoology, botany, geology, agriculture, veterinary medicine,
pathlogy and anatomy attached to colleges and universities and used
for teaching and research.
The Victoria Memorial
Situated on Kolkata Maidan , it stands majestic in its symmetrical
construction of white marble. There is an Art Gallery and Museum
inside. The surrounding open Space, beautifully laid out with trees,
pools and lawns, is one of the most cherished areas of Kolkata.
It is located on Kolkata's Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. This 21st
century marvel of science, communication and environment is the
first and only institution of its kind in India.
The pioneering effort of NCSM, in setting up open air Science Parks
has now added a new dimension to science teaching through a process
of discovery in the outdoor setting. Set amidst trees and lawns,
here one finds science out of doors and alive.
Only the second of its kind in the commonwealth and similar to that
in London. Regular astronomical shows are preseted here with commentaries
in different languages.
Situated close to the crossing of Theatre Road and Chowringhee
road, the Birla Planetarium is adjacent to the maidan. The Planetarium
owes its existence to the Birla Education in 1929. The Planetarium
is a single-storeyed, circular structure constructed in pure Indian
Nicco Park is situated at Salt Lake. This Amusement park is the
Disneyland of West Bengal, with a variety of unusual games and rides.
The Cave Ride is the latest addition and is the only of its kind
in this part of the world. The park is open to the public from 10.00
a.m to 8.00 p.m everyday during the winter and 11.00 a.m to 9.00
p.m everyday during the rest of the year.
Academy of Fine Art
Collections include contemporary Indian Art. Rabindra Gallery contains
original paintings, manuscripts and personal belongings of Rabindranath
Tagore. The Academy also runs an Artists' Studio for the benefit
of working artists. Moreover this is an important center of cultural
The Zoological Gardens at Alipore opened to the public in 1876,
have one of the finest collections of birds, animals, and reptiles.
Within the Gardens,there is also a childrens' Zoo. The aquarium
in front of the Zoological Gardens contains sea-fishes of rare varieties.
Built in 1809, the Kali Temple is an Ancient center of Hindu pilgrimage.
The architecture is of typical mediaeval Bengal style. Despite industrialisation
and commercial activity that has given Kolkata a new look, the
Kali temple remains unchanged, attracting a larger number of pilgrims
and visitors every day. Visitors to the temple recieve as 'prasad'
a vermillion paste , the symbol of Kali, to wear on the foreheads
as a tilak.
Spreadover an area of 273 acres on the west bank of the Ganga, Indian
Botanic garden is the largest of its kind in India. Laid out in
1787, the Garden contains 12,000 living perennial plants and over
two and a half million dried out plant specimens in the herbarium,
collected from all over the world.
St Paul's Cathedral
The Anglican Cathedral of Kolkata built in 1847, adjacent to the
Birla Planetarium. It towers 65 m high and is famous for the serene
service conducted on Christmas Eve.
Founded by Swami Vivekananda, the world famous yogi and disciple
of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa, it is the Headquarters of the Ramakrishna
Math and Mission and is 6.4 kms from Howrah Station on the banks
of the River Hooghly. This International tourist attraction is located
near Belur in Howrah district. Its sprawling prayer hall with a
statue of Ramakrishna is remarkable. Connected by train and bus.
Built by Rani Rasmoni of north Kolkata in the 19th century on the
bank of Ganges, north east of Kolkata. It is here that Sri Ramakrishna
Paramhansa, the renowned spiritual personality and the guru of Swami
Vivekananda had worshipped the Goddess Kali, Bhaba Tarani, and did
his sadhana at the Panchabati Garden adjacent to the temple. A world
famous place of pilgrimage.
A sprawling garden set up by the British in the early 20 century
with a band stand and a beautiful pagoda. A stadium has been built
adjacent to it for cricket test matches which can accommodate about
This Engineering marvel has been the firmest symbol of Kolkata. The
huge cantilever bridge, strung on two 270 feet high pillars connects
Kolkata from Howrah. It four traffic lanes are daily used by over
a lakh vehicles.
The Howrah Bridge extending across the Hooghly river catches the
eyes of every visitor as soon as he steps into the city of Kolkata.
This cantilever bridge is supported by two 270 feet high piers.
Metro Rail or underground railway, Circular Rail, local trains,
tram cars metered taxis, air-conditioned taxis, mini buses, private
buses, luxury buses, state-transport buses, tourist cars, auto rickshaws,
rickshaws, launch/ferry service on the Ganges.
Kolkata High Court
The Highest seat of judiciary in West Bengal. One of the oldest
in India (constructed in 1872), built in the Gothic style of architecture,
it is a landmark in Kolkata. An extension was added later, which
retains its architectural symmetry.
Near Eden Gardens.
A monument similar to Qutab Minar of Delhi. This was known as Octerloney
Monument. Located near Esplanade on the Maidan and seat of many
memorable political meetings.
Built between 1906 and 1921 on the lines of the Taj Mahal in memory
of Queen Victoria. Topped with a moving angel this memorial faces
the Kolkata Maidan. It houses paintings, manuscripts, and other
objects of historic value in its Museum and Art Gallery. Two regular
sound and light shows are held in the evening. Closed on Mondays.
India Airlines connect Kolkata with Bombay, Delhi, Madras, Port
Blair, Nagpur, Bhubaneswar, Ranchi, Patna, Lucknow, Tezpur, Jorhat,
Dibrugarh, Silchar, Imphal, Bagdogra, Agartala, Bangalore, Vishakhapatnam
(Vizag), Guwahati, Dimapur, Hyderabad and Car-Nicobar.
Howrah and Sealdah, two main railway stations are there in Kolkata.
Kolkata is connected by rail to most of the important places in
Good motorable roads connect Kolkata to all the major cities in
India. Some of these are:
Puri-560 kms, Bhubaneshwar-498 kms, Shiliguri-000 kms, Darjiling-678
kms, Krishnanagar-000 kms, Baharampur-000 kms, Patna-547 kms, Ranchi-000
kms, Alahabad-000 kms, Kanpur-000 kms, Lucknow-000 kms, Haridwar-1586
kms, Varanasi-681 kms, Bombay-2060 kms, Delhi-1490 kms, Madras-0000
kms, Panaji (Goa)-0000 kms.
Metred Taxis, Cycle & Man-pulling rickshaws, city buses, Trams,
Electric Trains & Metro rail services are available.
In Summer- Max. 41.7, Min. 38.1
In Winter- Max. 29.3, Min. 9.6
Rainfall: 158 cms June to Mid September
General Information & Accomdation info on Kolkata city of West Bengal - India