Surrounded by the magnificent Himalayas and dense forests lies
the land of Uttaranchal. The snow clad region is famous for its
temple architecture, wood carving, paintings and traditional ornaments.
Temple Architecture was patronised by wealthy and powerful kings
of of the region. They encouraged the construction of big stone
temples, wood carvings, ornaments etc. Big stone temples were erected
with highly intricate and ornamental carvings, having beautiful
stone and metal idols. Kamaleshwar Temples of Srinagar (Garhwal)
and Nanda Devi Temple (Distt. Almora) are fine examples of these.
In the Garhwal-Kumaon region, one can find a temples with lotus
shaped roof, lion over the elephant which is projected over lower
Shikhara normally covering the audience hall and outer walls executed
either in Panch Rath or Sapta Rath pattern, giving the temple a
cylindrical shape. The main temple is invariably surrounded by a
couple of smaller temples, which house deities of lower hierarchy.
Craft-persons of the Uttaranchal had mastered the art of wood carving.
Abundant in Wood and wood product, the artisans of the region has
designed simple and beautiful designs on carvings on Doors, windows
and ceilings in the houses of the region. These beautifully ornamented
doors and windows still attract art lovers. The motifs, ordinarily
of the Gods or Goddesses, add to the richness of the carvings. The
craftspersons also used to do specific latticework to fill in the
open space of the windows in order to give a screen like effect.
Garhwal, is famous for Mughal style of paintings introduced by a
Mughal Prince. A rich collection of these paintings are displayed
in the University Museum in Srinagar, Garhwal, along with many sculptures
and findings from archaeological excavations.
The Folk Art of Kumaon known as Aipan, has been practiced by the
women folk of Kumaon. Another kind of painting is known as Peeth,
where floor of the seat of Gods and goddess is decorated with geometrical
Wall paintings has been one of the oldest traditions of the region
and usually two different kinds of paintings are followed for the
Kitchen and another for the ritual ceremonial places. These painting
are usually done on the occasion for domestic ceremonies such as
marriages when walls and doors of the house are decorated.
Garhwal and Kumaon, traditional goldsmiths used to make traditional
ornaments using design and patterns which are thousands of years
old. The ornaments were made in gold, silver & often copper
was overlaid in brass.
Information on Traditional Crafts, arts, handicrafts of Uttaranchal - India