Dehradun is the capital of the state of Uttaranchal and is one
of the most picturesque states in India. It is situated at an altitude
of 700 mtrs and is very close to Mussoorie, a famous hill station.
The town of Dehradun is situated in the Doon Valley, on the watersheds
of the Ganga and the Yamuna rivers. The name Dehradun has been derived
from the term Dehra meaning camp.
According to the local legend, 'camp' refers to Ram Rai, son of
Shri Hari Rai, the 7th guru of the Sikhs. Ram Rai founded a Gurudwara
here, which is a pilgrimage centre for the Sikhs.
During British rule, Dehradun used to be the summer base for the
Viceroy's bodyguards. In course of time, it was converted into an
excellent centre for education and developed as a military cantonment.
Dehradun has a long and rich history. In Skanda Purana, this place
has been mentioned as a part of Kedar Khand. By the end of the third
century, it became a part of King Ashokas vast empire. In
subsequent centuries, it was a part of the Garhwal kingdom. In the
beginning of the 19th century, for two decades, it was ruled by
the Gorkhas. The Gorkha regime came to an end when the British captured
this region in 1815.
Dehradun is known as the gateway to the majestic Himalayas. The
mountain range lies to the north of the city while the sacred Ganga
and Yamuna rivers embrace it from the east and west. Ganga enters
Dehradun from the east at Tapovan and flows south-west to reach
Haridwar via Raiwala and Rishikesh. Yamuna flows from the west down
towards the south. The other rivers of the area are Asan, Tons,
Bindal and Rispana.
The entire district is spread over in an area of 1800 sq kms, extending
from the Himalayan chain in the north to the Shivalik range in the
south, and from the banks of the Ganga in the east to the Ghats
of Yamuna in the west. The fertile alluvial soil along with inundated
water supply makes it a farmer's paradise. The climate here is temperate.
Summers are moderate and winters are cool. However, at times, the
mercury drops below the freezing point. The average rainfall in
the area is around 2000 mm.
Dehradun is an essential stop en-route to Mussoorie. It houses the
famous Forest Research Institute, the headquarters of the Oil and
Natural Gas Commission, the Indian Military Academy, etc. The Gurudwara
built by Guru Ramdas attracts Sikh pilgrims. The city is surrounded
by hills and presents a pretty sight. Hotels and guesthouses that
suit every pocket are available in plenty in the city.
Tapkeshawar is an ancient temple situated at a distance of 5.5 kms
from Dehradun on the banks of a rivulet, in the Garhi Cant area.
The temple is well connected by road.
The temple owes its name Tapkeshwar to the water droplets that
drip from a rock, and fall on a Shivling (emblem of Shiva). The
fair organized on the occasion of Shivratri attracts devotees in
The word 'Sahashatradhara'
means 'thousand of springs'. It is situated at a distance of 11
kms from Dehradun. The place is an ideal picnic spot and is a great
tourist attraction. Situated on the banks of the river Baldi, it
provides a breathtaking view. The river blends into a waterfall
at a distance of just 9 mtrs and lime is deposited all along the
These accumulated lime deposits form a projecting ledge, and a
sort of cave. Water perpetually drips down from the roop of this
cave. Besides this, there is a sulphur spring that is believed to
cure skin infections and diseases. Tourists often take bath in the
sulphur spring here.
Located at just 12 kms from Dehradun is a temple called the Laxman
Siddh. According to local myth, a sage underwent penance here.
Malsi Deer Park
It is an enchanting tourist spot located at about 10 kms from Dehradun,
en route Mussoorie.
The place is right at the foothills of the Shivalik Ranges. It
is a mini-zoological park enveloped by nature at its best. Good
food is an added attraction of the spot.
The famous temple of Chandrabani is located just 7 kms from Dehradun
on theDehradun-Delhi Highway. According to legends, Maharishi Gautam,
the great sage, inhabited this place.
It is believed that Ganga had revealed herself at this spot which
is now commonly known as Gautam Kund. Every year pilgrims, in large
numbers, take a dip in the holy Kund, which is 2 kms from the main
This is a quite well-known temple, situated 8 kms from the Clock
Tower on Rajpur Road. A place of high cultural and spiritual value,
it is visited by tourists from all over the country and as well
as by the foreigners.
There is huge bright-colored temple of Lord Buddha on Rajpur Road
near the Sai Darbar Temple.
Located around 22 kms from Dehradun, Lachhiwala is a serene and
blissful place famous for its picnic spots. Accommodation for tourists
is easily available in the Forest Rest House.
The Bhagirathi Resort at Selaqui is situated 18 kms from Dehradun.
The resort that has fascinating swimming pools, water slides and
fountains, offers a breathtaking view of the Himalayan ranges.
Santala Devi Temple
Located about 19 kms from Dehradun; the temple is a symbol of faith
and has great cultural and religious importance. It is believed
that Santala Devi, along with her brother, fearing the Mughal Army,
abandoned their arms and began to pray. A divine light flickered
and the two were transformed into stone figures.
The name 'Tapovan' means place of penance. It is believed that Guru
Dronacharya had done penance in this area.
Asan Barrage Water Sports Resort
A water sports resort was developed at the Asan Barrage by Garhwal
Mandal Vikas Nigam in the year 1994. Asan Barrage was constructed
in the year 1967 and it is popularly known as Dhalipur Lake.
Situated around 43 kms from Dehradun on Chandigarh-Shimla highway,
the resort offers facilities like water skiing, boating, rowing,
and kayaking, canoeing, etc. Wildlife lovers have an added advantage
during the winter season as migratory birds can be seen in the vicinity.
Dakpathar is located 45 kms from Dehradun and is an attractive tourist
spot of the western Doon Valley. The Yamuna Hydel Scheme maintains
this prominent tourist spot. One can stay comfortably at the resthouses
Rajaji National Park
Rajaji National Park was founded in 1966 and is spread over an area
of 820 sq kms. The park with its remarkable ecosystem is nestled
in the lush green valley of the Shivalik ranges. A range of different
forest zones from the broad leaf mixed forest, scrub-land to the
grassy pasture lands is a prime attraction.
As many as 23 species of mammals and 315 varieties of avi-fauna
can be sighted here. The Rajaji National Park is dedicated to Late
Shri C. Rajgoplachari, popularly known as Rajaji. The park is at
its best between November and mid - June.
Fairs & Festival
This fair marks the arrival of Guru Ram Rai, the Sikh Guru, at Dehradun.
In the year 1699, Guru Ram Rai built a Gurudwara, Guru Ram Rai Darbar
and hoisted his flag. Till this day a large fair is held here every
year in the month of March/April on the sixth day after Holi and
a flag (Jhanda) unfurled at Jhanda Chowk.
6 km from Dehradun is the famous Tapkeshwar Shiv Temple. Annually
a fair is held here on Shivratri dedicated to Lord Shiva.
This fair held at Lakhawar village, during September-October, is
very popular in the neighboring area of Chakrata, 78 km from Mussoorie.
The fair reflects the customs and traditions of Garhwali tribes.
Activities include cultural programs and sport competitions.
Dehradun is famous for it's woollens. Main shopping areas are; Sahakari
Bazaar, Rajpur Road Market, Astley Hall, Paltan Bazaar and Connaught
The nearest airport is at Jolly Grant, 25 kms away, on the outskirts
of the town, that has daily flights to Delhi
A number of trains are available for Dehradun. From Dehradun and
other important centres in UP and several centres of India.
Dehradun is an important rail head on Northern Railway and is connected
to many parts of the country with express trains.
Dehradun is well connected by Roads. One can easily reach Dehradun
from Delhi by following the GT Road, passing through Hindon River
Bridge, Modinagar, Meerut, Muzaffarnagar and Roorkee, the travel
time is about 5-6 hrs.
All types of buses - deluxe, semi deluxe and ordinary - are available
to and from centres like Mussoorie, Rishikesh, Haridwar, Delhi,
Agra, Jaipur, Shimla, Allahabad etc.
At Dehradun, the two bus terminals are : Delhi Bus Stand on Gandhi
Road, which is an inter state bus stand; and Mussoorie Bus Stand
at the Dehradun Railway Stadiumoffering bus services to Mussorie
and other destinations in the Himalayan region.
Taxis are available to and from Delhi, Haridwar, Rishikesh and Mussoorie.
Other than for Mussoorie (for which taxis are available near Mussoorie
Bus Stand), the taxi service for other nearby places are available
from Delhi Bus Stand.
Road Distances to and from Dehradun
Haridwar : 60 km
Mussoorie : 35 km
Rishikesh : 45 km
General Information & Accomdation info on Dehradun city of Uttaranchal - India