The district has derived its name from its headquarters town Gorakhpur
which was named after Gorakhnath, a Kanphata Yogi who came to this
place from the Punjab and erected a shrine of Goraksha, a deity
of great renown in Nepal. In course of time, he became an eminent
religious figure and is said to have founded the city of Gorakhpur.
Situated on the banks of the river Rapti and Rohini, the geographical
shape of the Gorakhpur city appears to be that of a bowl. Its location
gives the place a sense of peace with cool breeze blowing over it
almost throughout the year. The famous Gita Press headquarters also
resides in this place.
An important centre of Eastern U.P., Gorakhpur is headquartering
the North-Eastern Railways. Known as Ramgram in the earlier times,
it was the capital of Koiliyas in the ancient days. Founded is c.
1400, it was named Gorakhpur much later after the Yogi Gorakhnath.
His shrine at Gorakhpur attracts many pilgrims to visit the place
every year. You can also do it on our Tour packages for Gorakhpur.
Gorakhpur is an important junction for all Indians tourists intending
to go Nepal. Well connected by rail, road and airways, Gorakhpur
is an important agricultural and industrial centre having textile
factories, sugar mills and railway workshops.
Gorakhpur has been a land of primeval grandeur and medieval mysticism.
It is endowed with splendid monuments and temples of attraction.
Among other things, the Gorakhnath temple, the Vishnu Temple, the
Gita Vatika, Arogya Mandir, Imambara and Ramgarh Taal are major
attractions of the city and a must see for all those visiting the
The proximity of Nepaland the wide extent of forests are responsible
for presence of large number of wide animals in the district. The
peculiar situation of the forests where they are nowhere more than
10 km. away from the village habitation makes the wild life prone
to destruction. In the northern forests of Gorakhpur forest division
tigers (Panthera tigris) are found in Nichlaul range.The population
of tigers has of late increased in the division. Panthers (panthera
pardus) are found in every range of the northern forests. Besides
these cheetal (Axis axis), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak), sambhar
(Cervusnicolor), nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus) wild pig (Sussecrofa)
and jackal (Canis aureus) are found in these forests.
In the southern forests of this division,which include Tilkonia,
Banki, Pharenda and Pakri forest range, Jackal, wild pig, nilgai,
cheetal, hare (Lepus ruficandatus) and squirrel (Funamubulus palamrus)
etc. are found while cheetal and pig are quite common in Pakri range,
they are not so in Tilkonia range where the wild life is getting
a carce. The wild life in Doma block across the Narayani canal consists
of Tiger, very few cheetal, para and nilgai. The other animals which
are found in these forests are jungle cat (Feels chaos), leopard
cat (Felis bangalinsis), monkey (Macaca radiata), and common red
fox (Valpes vulpes).
The birds of the district are similar to those of the adjoining
districts. The chief game birds found are of several varieties of
ducks, partridges and pigeons. Besides these the other varieties
of birds which are commonly found in the district are peacock (pavo
cristatus), quail (Coturnix coturnix), jungle fowl (Gallus soneratti),
snipe (Cappella gallinago), parrot (Psittaculaeupatria), kite (Milvus
migrans govinda), crow (Corvus splendens splendens), vulture (Gyps
bengalensis), bulbul (Molpaster cafer), mynah (Acridotheres tristis),
baya (Ploceus philippinus philippinus) or the weaver bird, sparrow
(passer domesticus indicus) and bagula (Eqret alva modesta).
Different varieties of the snakes and other reptiles are found everywhere
in the districts especially in the rural areas. Some snakes are
deadly e.g. the cobra (Naja naja), karait (Bengarus caeruleus) and
ratsnake (Ptyas mucesus). The majority of snakes is non-poisonous,
a few people die of snake bite almost every year. The other reptiles
found in the district are crocodile (Gavialis gangetieus), moniter
lizard (Varanus bengalensis) and other variety of lizard and python
Fish are found in the rivers, lakes and ponds of the district. The
species which are commonly found in the district are rohu (Labeo
rohita), karounch (Labeo calbasu), bata (Labeo bata), khursa (Labeo
gonious), bhakur (Catla catla), nain (Cirrihina mirgala), raiya
(Cirrihina reba), darhi (Barbus sarana), putia (Barbus stigma),
parhan (Wailagonia attu), tengra (Mystus aor), tingan (Mystus vitatus),
cheagna (Ophicephalaus straitus), girai (Ophicephalaus gachuwa),
patra (Notopeternus notopeternus), Moi (Notopeternus chitala), mangur
(Clarias mangur), singhi (Heteropneustes fossils), chelwa (chela
bacaila), belgagra (Rita rita), and gonch (Bagarius bagarius).
The game-law applicable to the district were governed by the wild
birds and Animal protection (U.P. Amendment) Act 1934. It has been
replaced by the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 which made game-laws
more stringent with a view to conserving wild life and preventing
the extinction of certain species. The wolf, crocodile, gharial
and peafowl have been declared protected species while certain restriction
have been placed on shooting og wild pigs, nilgai and some other
species. The punishment for infringement of the laws has been made
General Information & Accomdation info on Gorakhpur city of
Uttar Pradesh - India