An art form, from Persia under the patronage of Maharaja Ram singhji
was first introduced in Rajasthan. A new art form with a fascinating
recipe of distinctive material like the ground quartz stone. The
colour schemes are also peculiar like, blue (oxide of cobalt), Green
(oxide of copper) and the external white.
Some of the pottery is semi- translucent and lately is been experimented
with other colours such as , yellow, dark blue and brown. The conventional
floral or arabesque, hand made patterns and the animal figure patterns
are the prominent designs. The various articles shaped out are mostly
the traditional ones like surahis or pots of different shapes and
size for multiple use, ashtray, tiles, flower pots, lamp shades,
jars various accessories or interior items are the forte of this
art of pottery.
An age old craft in Rajasthan saw dust, mashed and mixed finely
with mud and clay in a semi solid paste on which the
image is sculpted and later dried and polished in colour retaining
its natural hue, they make best of decorative items with authentic
Every village and community has its potters, and the pots for everyday
use along with other storing vessels , hookahs, chillums, coin-banks
Places where they made are:
Alwar : for paper thin kagji pottery.
Bikaner: known for its painted pottery
tinted with lac colours.
Jaisalmer: stone wares
Molela (near Udaipur): wall plaques
generally depicting the images of Heroes or the religious ones.
Pokaran: the potters make tiny bells
with clay that resound like their bellmetal counterparts.
Dhurries And Carpets
The dhurrie, a simple rug that was once used as an underlay, has
now become one of
the state's best known weaving traditions. Weavers sit on looms
in villages, creating an interesting blend of patterns- mostly geometric,
sometimes floral-in an exciting combination of colours. Made from
cotton yarn, in areas such as Bikaner and Jaisalmer, the camel-hair,
woolen dhurrie too is available. In areas around Tonk, namdahs or
felted rugs are manufactured.
Carpets first began to be manufactured in Rajasthan when weavers
from Afghanistan were installed in the royal ateliers in the 17th
century. Ever since, they have flourished here, with their exuberant
colours and geometric motifs finding their way into showrooms around
the world. Naturally they are available in the bazaars at a price
far lower than they command in stores overseas.
Wood-sometimes plain often painted- is used to make everything from
furniture to artefacts.While the furniture ranges from the made-as
old that is such a range all over the world, its contemporary variants
include chairs with painted backs, camel-hide stools, marble-top
tables and carved cabinets.
Artefacts include a range of animal -horses ,elephants, parrots-
that are beautifully painted as well as boxes, chests snuff boxes
and other interesting paraphernalia including dancing figurines
and dwarpals or guardians of the doors.
The Textile of Rajasthan has a fascinating range of dyed and block
printing fabrics. Each state has its own special
colour-scheme design and technique. The various types of Textile
Hand-block prints- the quilts of
Sanganer, Bagru are the favourites.
Tie and dye- Bandhej, Bandani,
Lehriya, Batik, Mothra, Ekdali, Shikari, Cheent comes under this
Bandhej- Bandhej of Jodhpur, Sikar,
Jaisalmer, Barmer, Pali, Udaipur, Jaipur is more popular.
The lehriya is an entire line of
cloth is dyed in different colours. Udaipur's lehriya work is well
Samdar Lehar, Phagun are the designs
to be worn in the spring season.
Textile and fabric colouring and dying can be seen at length in
the communities of Leelgarhs and Rangrez.
The Chunari and Bandhej
( the art of tying a small point on the cloth by threads and later
dyed with the required colours . After drying when opened, there
is a small circle in the white splashed around the fabric)is known
as tie and dye. Jodhpur, Jaipur, Bikaner are famous for this. In
addition, the art of embellished fabrics with embroidery using thread-work,
mirror work or gold brocade is prevalent.
Block Printing in vegetable
dyes is another famous art. Carved wooden blocks soaked in
different colours and pasted on the fabric. Main Market of these
products are Jaipur, Sanganer and Bagru.
Zari - Gota, zardosi, banarsi for
formal and bridal ensembles, metallic and threaded embroidery
Some of the finest metal work in Rajasthan uses enamelled silver
that is used for everything from pill-boxes to figurines. Brass
enamel is less expensive, and more prevalent from table-tops to
dancing peacocks, caparisoned elephants, dancing camels, swords
and shields .In recent years, wrought iron has become popular, though
this ismore contemporary in its usage, than traditional.
White marble, pink Dholpur, green Kota, white and grey soapstone
everything is used to make elegant statuary, idols, figurines, carved
panels, even elaborate jharokhas for gardens and pavilions. One
of Rajasthan's most enduring arts that is evident in its prevalence
in homes all over the state, stone carving is both an artistic as
well as an industrial product.
The hides of dead animals is used by skilled cobblers for Jooties
(foot-wear), chairs, musical instruments, mojaries,etc. The Jooties
reflect the unique style of every district they belong to. It is
amazing how the leather is beaten, tanned and dyed and put to the
best use. The leather is punched and gouged to create patterns,
studded, sequined and even embroidered with woolen motifs. Cities
like Jaipur, Jodhpur, Barmer, Jaisalmer is famous for Jooties, musical
instruments (like Tabla, Dhol, Dhapli), stringed instruments (Kamayacha)
made out of leather. Bikaner is best known for painted Lampshades,
shields, vases, Mojharies made out of camel hide. Hard Bag, belts,
hats, chairs, foldable chairs with graphic embroideries are from
Information on Traditional Crafts, arts, handicrafts of Rajasthan - India