250 km from Jaipur, also called "Blue City" is second
city of Rajasthan. Founded by Rao Jodha is famous for Mehrangarh
Fort, Umed Bhawan Palace, museum and handicrafts.
Set at the edge of the Thar desert, the imperial city of Jodhpur
echoes with tales of antiquity in the emptiness of the desert. Once
the capital of the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459 A.D. by
Rao Jodha-chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs who claimed to be
descendants of Rama - the epic hero of the Ramayana. The massive
Mehrangarh Fort looms on the top of a rocky hill, soaring 125 Mts.
Above the plains. The city is encompassed by a high wall -10 km
long with 8 gates and innumerable bastions. A major trade centre
of the 16th century A.D. the fortress-city of Jodhpur is now the
second largest city of Rajasthan.
While the graceful palaces , forts and temples strewn throughout
the city bring alive the historic grandeur, exquisite handicrafts
, folk dances music and the brightly attired people lend a romantic
aura to the city. The jumble of wide winding streets are flanked
with pavement stalls. The lifestyle in jodhpur is unusually fascinating
with folks wearing lovely multihued costumes, artistically designed.
Women folk wear wide gathered skirts and a hip length jacket, with
three quarter length sleeves , covering the front and back. The
colorful turbans worn by the men folk add more color to the city
. It was from here that the popularity worn baggy - tight, horse
riding trousers - 'Jodhpurs', took their name.
The 5 km long majestic fort on a 125 metre high hill is one of the
most impressive and formidable structures. Although invincible from
the outside, the fort has four gates approached by a winding road.
Within the fort are some magnificent palaces with marvelously carved
panels, latticed windows and evocative names. Not worthy of these
are the Moti Mahal, the Phool Mahal, the Sheesh Mahal, the Sileh
Khana and the Daulat Khana. These palaces house a fabulous collection
of trappings of Indian royalty including a superb collection of
hawdahs, miniature paintings of various schools, musical instruments,
costumes and furniture.
The Jaswant Thada, located half way up the interminably long road
that climbs onwards to the fort, is the traditional cremation ground
of the rulers of Jodhpur. Taking pride of place amongst the onrnamental
gardens and chattris is the fabulous white marble memorial to Jaswant
Singh II, built in 1899. The cenotaphs of other rulers , in the
same neighbourhood , are relatively simpler.
Inside the main hall are royal portraits and other possessions.
Umaid Bhawan Palace
The only 20th century palace built under the famine relief project
that gave employment to famine struck population. The palace was
completed in 16 years. This opulent edifice in sandstone is still
the residence of the former rulers with a part of it running as
hotel and remaining part as a museum.
Laterally , the great temple, is a place where sacred glory reigns
in a peaceful tranquility. Situated on Mandore road, the temple
is an architectural splendor, supported by 84 pillars and ornamented
with detailed designs and figures depicting various postures of
Yoga. The entire structure is marked by a unique and original style.
About 58km from Jodhpur on the diversion off the main Jodhpur-Bikaner
Highway, is Osian, an oasis in the desert.
An oasis in the desert,situated on the diversion off the main Jodhpur
- Bikaner Highway. A drive to this ancient township takes one past
undulating terrain, punctuated by desert stretches and little hamlets.
Osian has 15 beautifully sculpted Jain and Brahmanical temples.
Of these the most outstanding ones are the earlier Surya or Sun
Temple and the laterKali temple,Sachiya Mata Temple and the main
temple dedicated to Lord Mahavira.
of Luni is an exceptional example of Elegance and Symmetry in Indian
architecture of the last century. The entire fortress is carved
out of the famous red sandstone of Jodhpur and with its ornately
carved lattice work friezes and intricate Jherokas it exquisitely
captures the romance and grace of a bygone age.
TheFort is composed of a lyrical complex of courtyards, towers,
water-wheels, stables, passages and unexpected stairways to secret
pavilions and panoramic roof tops spanning the village below and
the Thar horizon beyond. The traditional paintings on the walls
harmoniously reflect the skill of the master craftsmen and the bygone
The village of Luni nestles in the shadow of the Fort walls and
is a hub of activity with its many artisans fashioning metal, clay
or wood into intricate forms and demonstrating the skills passed
down over the centuries by their ancestors.
The Fort has been beautifully restored to its former glory by its
owners Maharaj Dalip singhji, the youngest son of H.H. Maharaja
Umaid Singhji and his wife Rani Madhu. Each room has been created
and decorated with its own particular charm and the many courtyards,
verandahs and gardens all offer a setting and ambiance set to capture
The usual Rajasthani handicraft are available here, but Jodhpur
specialises in antiques. The Ajit Bhawan with the Umaid Bhawan and
the well known Abani Handicraft is next to Tourist Bungalow. You
will be hard pressed to find any bargains, though this is no reflection
on the generally excellent quality of the goods available. The tie
and dye fabric, embroidered jutis or slippers in suede,
cancel skin, velvet and more color to the city. It was form here
that the popularly worn baggy-tight horse riding trousers, - "Jodhpurs",
took their name.
Jodhpur is well connected to all the major cities which includes
Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Jaipur, Udaipur.
Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe & air conditioned
buses from Delhi (Bikaner House, Nr. India Gate) to Jodhpur. The
roads are very good, and it takes around 8-9 hrs from Jodhpur. You
can also come by taxi.
Jodhpur is on the Broad Gauge and hence connected to all the metro
cities of India. There are daily trains from Jaipur,Delhi, Mumbai
In the city you can travel by un-metered auto-rickshaws, buses,
cycle-rickshaws or you can also use car cabs and car-taxi. The Rajasthan
Tourism Development Corporation operates of Jodhpur from 8.30 to
1.00 pm and 2 to 6 pm. The tour starts from the Tourist Bungalow.
General Information & Accomdation info on Jodhpur city of Rajasthan - India