Capital city of Rajasthan also known as "Pink City" is
about 250 km from Delhi, and your starting point for Rajasthan.
Founded by Raja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727 is famous for Amber Fort,
jantar mantar, hawa mahal, city palace & Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh.
Also for the textile block prints, semi precious jewelry, handicraft
items and Raj Mandhir (Movie theater).
Built by the warrior-astronomer Raja Sawai Jai Singh II in 1727,
it is full of formidable forts, enchanting palaces and lovely temples.
Jaipur is listed in most tourist books as one of the three cities
that make India's Golden Triangle - the other two are Delhi and
Agra. The old city of Jaipur is enclosed within seven gates, the
most important of which are Chandpol, Jaipuri and Sanganeri.
A young Bengali architect, Vidyadhar Bhattacharya formalized the
city’s plans in a grid system. The wide straight avenues.
Roads, streets, lanes and uniform rows of shops on either side of
main bazaars were arranged in nine rectangular city sectors (Chokris),
in accordance with the principles of town planning set down in the
‘Shilpa Shastra’- and epochal treatise on the Hindu
There is a timeless appeal to Jaipur’s colorful bazaars where
one can shop for Rajasthani handlooms and trinkets. Beautifully
laid out gardens and parks, attractive monuments and marvelous heritage
hotels, once the residence of Maharaja’s are worth admiration.
Not to mention the ambling camels and cheerful people in multi-hued
costumes that make your trip to the pink city a memorable one.
Built in 1799, the Hawa Mahal (the palace of WInds) is one of the
Jaipur's major Landmarks, although it is actually little more than
a facade. This five - storey building, which looks out over the
m,ain street of the buzzing old city , is a stunning example of
Rajput artistry with its pink, delicately honeycombed sandstone
windows, of which there are 953. It was originally built to enable
the women of the royal household to watch the everyday life and
processions of the cit. The palace was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap
Singh and is a part of the city palace complex.
Most of the people come her to see the beautiful facade, but ou
canalso climb the top for a view of the city below; peer through
the latticed windows to experience the facinating interplay of gazes
ste up by the structure. The entrance is from the rear ot the building.
The Kachchawahas ruled from Amber, 11 km from Jaipur, for seven
centuries. With a
history so old, it is not unexpected that there is a lot of the
past that can be traced in its archeological history.While many
of the early structures have either disappeared or ruined, those
dating from the16th century on are in a remarkable state of preservation.
Amber as it exists now is the handiwork of three of the kingdom's
rulers that include Man Singh, and Jai Singh I and II. Approached
from a steep ramp, visitors ride up on elephant back, entering through
the grand Singh Pol gateway and continuing to Jaleb Chowk, the courtyard
where they disembark from the pachyderm. From here, they are faced
wit two flights of steps, one leading to Shila Mata complex with
its enshrined image of the goddess, and the other to the main palace
Within the complex, Ganesh Pol, an imposing gateway painted with
images of the elephant-headed god, Ganesh, takes pride of the place.
Also a part of the complex is the Diwan-i-Am or hall of the public
audience with its spectacular display of pillars. The typical merging
of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles is captured in the Sukh
Nivas and Jas Mandir apartments, and the Charbagh garden with its
perfectly proportioned landscaping. A highlight is the pierced screen
windows which offer views form points of vantage, as well as the
shimmering mirrors encrusting the walls of the Sheesh Mahal. Several
other gardens and pavilions within the sprawling spread of ramparts
offer enough scope for investigating medieval lifestyles at leisure.
Beyond the ramparts, the old city, once the abode of the aristocracy,
has a wonderfully medieval flavor, though it has few buildings of
majestic proportion that are still extant. However, a walk through
the rambling lanes will reap rich rewards for the curious besides
a large number of temples there are also step-wells, memorials and
In the heart of the old city, the City Palace occupies a large area
divided into a series of courtyards, gardens and buildings. The
outer wall was built by Sawai Jai Singh, but other additions are
recent, some dating to the start of the 20th century. The palace
is a blend of Rajasthani and mughal architecture. The son of the
last Maharaja and his family still live in part of the palace.
Before the palace proper lies the Mubarak Mahal (Welcome Palace),
built in late 19th century by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh II as a
reception center for visiting dignitaries. It now forms part of
the Maharaja Sawai Mansingh II Museum and contains a collection
of royal costumes and superb shawls including sanganeri block prints,
royal shawls. Kashmiri Pashmina (goat's wool) shawls, folk embroideries
and benaras saris.
At the heart of the complex is the seven - tiered Chandra Mahal
where erstwhile royal family is still in residence, though only
a small part of the apartments are occupied. However, it is only
the buildings around Chandra Mahal that are open to the public,
and these also form a part of the museum.
Through Singh Pol (Lion Gate), visitors can approach the Diwan-i-Khas
and Diwan-i-Am, where the maharaja's private and public courts would
be held. The architecture seems to consist of a number of arched,
pillared halls, while the courtyards with painted doorways are a
Next to the City Palace entrance is the Jantar - Mantar, begun in
1728 by SawaiJai Singh whose passion for astronomy was even more
notable than his powers as a worrior. Before commencing Jantar Mantar,
he sent scholers abroad to study foreign observatories. This observatory
is the largest and best preserved of the five he built, with 13
different instrumentsfor calculating the movement of celestial bodies.
It was restored in1901. The others are in Delhi, Varanasi and Ujjain.
The fifth observatory, at Mathura, has dissapeared.
Jantar mantar (or 'instrument of calculation')is a curious if somewhat
compelling collection of sculptures. In fact, each construction
has a specific pirpose, for example, measuring the positions of
the stars, altitude and azimuth, and calculating eclipses.More...................
Jaipur is shoppers paradise, if you are good at bargain things,
you can really get some good stuff. The local Bazaars
are very colorful and world famous like Johari Bazaar, Mirza Ismail
Road (MI Road), Bapu Bazaar etc. You can shop from handicrafts,
jewelry, carpets, textile, home furnishing and lot more. But, you
have to be very careful in shopping and bargain hard.
Jaipur is well connected to all the major cities which includes
Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Jodhpur, Udaipur. Recently, flights to
Dubai has also started from Jaipur by Indian Airlines.
Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe & air conditioned
buses from Delhi (Bikaner House, Nr. India Gate) to Jaipur. The
roads are very good, and it takes around 5-6 hrs from Delhi. You
can also come by taxi.
Jaipur is on the Broad Gauge and hence connected to all the metro
cities of India. There are daily trains from Delhi in morning (Shatabdhi
Exp) and evening (Intercity Exp).
In the city you can travel by un-metered auto-rickshaws, buses,
cycle-rickshaws or you can also use car cabs and car-taxi. The Rajasthan
Tourism Development Corporation operates regular bus service for
local city tour.
General Information & Accomdation info on Jaipur city of Rajasthan - India