This old historic city of Dhaulpur was initially named "Dhawalpuri"
after the ruler Dhawal Deo who built the city at a site, little
south of the present city. Later people started calling it Dholpur.
In 846 AD, it was ruled by a Chauhan family, apparently as a feudatory
of Kannauj. Dhaulpur was a small state but it had a very turbulent
Its strategic location on the main route from Kabul and Delhi to
Deccan and its proximity to cities like Gwalior, Agra and Bayana
attracted attention of almost all powerful kings and rulers of Delhi
and Agra. Though the rulers of Dhaulpur resisted the invasions with
valour, it was, time and again, occupied by the invading forces
and suffered plunder and devastation. Sikander Lodi attacked and
occupied Dholpur in 1501 AD. His forces plundered the city and even
uprooted all the gardens that shaded Dhaulpur. It was again invaded
by Babar in 1526 AD. During Humayun’s regime, the site of
Dhaulpur town was moved northwards to avoid erosion by the river
It was near Dhaulpur that two important Mughul wars of succession
were fought. When Shah Jahan fell ill, his eldest and most beloved
son, Dara Shikoh, was defeated by his younger brother, Aurangzeb,
in 1658 AD at Ran-ka-Chabutra, 5 kms (3 miles) east of Dhaulpur.
Again, after Aurangzeb’s death in 1707 AD, his sons, Azam
and Muazzam, fought a war of succession at Baretha.
Forts And Palaces
Shergarh Fort: It is an old fort of
historic importance, located towards the south of Dholpur town.
at Dholpur was built by Sher Shah Suri on the site of an earlier
The Khanpur Mahal: It was constructed
as a pleasure- palace for Shah Jahan.
The Shiva Temple: Another place of
architectural beauty and importance is an ancient temple of lord
Shiva. This temple is located near the Gwalior- Agra road and is
worth a visit.
Machchhkund: About 8 kms from the
town of Dholpur is an ancient sacred place called Machchh Kund.
It commands a scenic view. The place is named after Raja Machchh
Kund. Raja Machchh Kund, the twenty fourth king of the Suryavanshi
Dynasty (the solar race) is said to have reigned nineteen generations
before Lord Ram. According to legend, Raja Machchh Kund, was sleeping
here when a demon Kaal Yaman while pursuing Lord Krishna, accidentally
woke him up. The demon was burnt to ashes because of a divine blessing
to Raja Machchh Kund. It is now a sacred place for pilgrims. It
is said that the enclosures around it, were built by the Mughal
Talab-E-Shahi: About 40-km from Dholpur
is a picturesque and historic lake called Talab-e-Shahi. The lake
and the palace were built in 1617 AD as a shooting lodge for prince
Shahjahan. A palace and the lake were later maintained by the rulers
of Dholpur. The lake attracts a large number of winter migratory
fowls like pintal, shoveller, red crested pochard, common pochard,
tufted duck, common teal, garganey teal, wigeon and gadwall.
Van Vihar: This wildlife sanctuary
is about 18-km from Dholpur. Located on Vindhyan plateau, it supports
a rather open stunted growth of Dhok and Khair trees. It is inhabited
by animals like Sambhar, Chital, Blue Bull, Wild Boar, Sloth Bear,
Hyena and Leopard. Tigers were present in the area till the end
of the nineteen sixties. It is said that Maharaj Udaibhan Singh
of Dholpur had a great liking for the wild animals of Van Vihar.
There is an old forest rest house in Van Vihar. It was initially
built by the rulers of Dholpur.
Ramsagar Sanctuary: Another 18-km
from Van Vihar is the old wildlife reserve of the rulers of Dholpur
.Ramsagar part of the sanctuary has Ramsagar Lake. The lake is very
picturesque and supports rich acquatic life including fresh water
crocodiles and a number of species of fishes and snakes. Water birds
like Cormorants, Darter, Ibis, White-Breasted Water Hen, Moor Hen,
Jacanas, Stilt, River Tern, Ringed Plover, Sand Piperand Herons
(grey, and purple) are quite common. During winter months, migratory
ducks and geese also visit the lake in good numbers.
Laswari: It is here where Daulat Rao
Scindia was defeated at the hands of Lord Lake. The oldest Mughal
garden, built by Babur was dicovered at Jhor, the grandeur of which
is still reflected in by its ruins. Damoh Waterfall and Kanpur Mahal
are some of the places not to be missed.
From Delhi, Dholpur is 230-km by rail.
Dholpur is 113-km from Bharatpur , by road.
General Information & Accomdation info on Dhaulpur city of Rajasthan - India