Mizoram is the land of a number of craftsmen and skilled artisans
excelling in various crafts. Bamboo and Cane related crafts are
a major source of income to the state as well as the people. The
Mizo’s dexterity in wicker-work and basketry is
well known. Bamboo and Cane have their multifarious uses in turning
out various commercial crafts and items of furniture. Even their
houses are generally built with bamboo walls and floors and thatched
roofs. While women excel at weaving, men are expert at cane and
bamboo work. They make fine cane hats and uncommonly beautiful baskets.
The traditional Mizo hat is known for its workmanship. It looks
as if the hat is woven out of fine bamboo as fine as cotton yarn.
Besides their typical hat or caps, domestic baskets are all made
from plaited bamboo and these are reinforced by stout cane, which
is very hard and durable. By smoking, the cane would be coloured
a shiny mahogany to give some colour and patterns to the work.
Traditional ornaments too use bamboo in it. On celebrations, Mizo
women use a headgear of a bamboo band with parrot feathers stuck
in it, the ends of which are decorated with beetles.
Agriculture is the main occupation with more than 80% of the population
depending upon agriculture and allied sector. To do away with wasteful
and soil-detrimental practice of Jhumming, Contour Farming-System
has been introduced in the hill areas.
The main foodgrain crops are rice and maize. Cash crops such as
ginger, coffee, arecanut, pepper and tea are being undertaken on
a large scale. The local markets are now flooded with home-grown
vegetables throughout the year.
The main horticultural produce are Orange, Banana, Pineapple,
Passion Fruit, Assam Lemon, Hatkora, which grows abundantly in all
parts of the state. Oranges, Pineapples and Bananas are supplied
to neighbouring states. Other fruits such as pear, plum, guavas,
are also grown.
Handloom and Handicrafts are the most important and popular industrial
activities in Mizoram.
Information on Traditional Crafts, arts, handicrafts of Mizoram - India