Ujjain is one of the sites for the holy Kumbh Mela, which takes
place every 12 years. Modern Ujjain is situated on the banks of
the river Shipra, which is regarded sacred since times immemorial.
There is a mythological tale, which tells about the churning of
the oceans, by the gods and demons, in search of the nectar of Immortality.
When the coveted vessel of nectar was finally found, there followed
a mad scramble across the skies, with the demons pursuing the gods,
in an attempt to take the nectar from them. Four drops were spilt
and they fell at Haridwar, Nasik, Ujjain and Prayag. The sanctity
of the waters of the Shipra is in existence due to this city, which
is renowned still for its traditions of spirituality, learning and
Apart from the mythological myth, Ujjain represents an interesting
blend of an historic and the modern day lifestyle, governed by the
likes of Vikramaditya, and Ashoka, who wrote his soul stirring poetry
The ancient town of Ujjain is one of the holiest
cities for Hindus. It is situated 56 km from Indore, on the bank
of the river Shipra, in the central Indian State of Madhya Pradesh.
Excavations in the north of ujjain have yielded
traces of settlement as far back as the eighth century BC. The ancient
city was a major regional capital under the Mauryans. Here, Ashoka
was the governor for a long time during the reign of his father.
Those times, Ujjain was known as avantika and lay on the main trade
route that linked the northern india with Mesopotamia and Egypt.
According to a Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva changed its name to 'Ujjaini',
to mark his victory over the demon king of Tripuri. Chandra Gupta
II, renowned for his patronage of the arts, also ruled from here
in the fourth and fifth centuries AD. Among the Nava Ratna, or 'Nine
Gems', of his court was the illustrious Sanskrit poet Kalidasa,
whose much-loved narrative poem Meghduta includes a lyrical evocation
of the city and its inhabitants.
Iltumish of the Delhi slave Dynasty, who razed most of its temples,
sacked Ujjain in 1234. Thereafter, the sultans of Mandu governed
the Malwan capital, by the Moghuls and by Raja Jai Singh from Jaipur,
who designed, along with many renovations projects elsewhere in
India, the VedShala observatory. Ujjain's fortunes declined from
the early 18th century onwards, except for a 60-year renaissance
between the arrival of the Scindia dynasty in 1750 and their departure
to Gwalior. These days, nearby Indore sees the lions' share of the
region's industrial activity, leaving Ujjain's 367,000-strong population
to make its leaving by more traditional means.
General Information & Accomdation info on Ujjain city of Madhya
Pradesh - India