Wildlife Sanctuary was created in year 1981 and was declared a project
Tiger Reserve by Government of India in year 1994. Panna is beautifully
calm and serene. Various roll-on meadows dotted with evergreen trees,
rocks, hills and forests Panna is famous for its temples, which
strikes a very fine blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture. The
region is also an abode to some of the best wildlife species in
India and is one of the better Tiger Reserves in the country. Panna
Wildlife Sanctuary is the 22nd Tiger Reserve of India and 5th in
the state of Madhya Pradesh in central India. The park is known
worldwide for its wild cats, including tigers as well as deer and
antelope. Panna has a very important place in the history of diamond
deposits and exploration. Here, the Arthashastra & Mahabharata
described the brightest and precious stone - Diamond. The Arabian
Knights has added an episode on the Valley of Diamonds, referring
to India. The only Diamond City in India is Panna.
Panna Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the central
Indian State of Madhya Pradesh. It forms the northern district of
Sagar Commissionerate Division. The district extends from 23o45"
N to 25o10" N and from 79o45' E to 80o40' E and its area extends
upto 543 sq.-km The shape of district is roughly triangular. The
river Ken passes through the park, adding to its scenic beauty.
Situated in the Vindhya Mountain Ranges, the park sprawls over Panna
and Chattarpur districts in the north of the state. It is close
to Khajuraho and forms an ideal halt for people going to Bandhavgarh
and Kanha national parks.
The oldest reference to Panna is in the Ramayana
and various Puranas. The ancient name of Panna was Padmawati-Puri,
mentioned in Vishnu Puran and Bhavishya Puran. In the 41st sarg
of Valmiki Ramayan Sugriv describes it as Kilkila-Khand and Shrimad
Bhagwat calls it Kilkila Pradesh. According to local believers it
was the capital of Raja Dadhichi and also of Raja Padmavat during
satyug. That was Swami Pran Nathji who told Raja Chhatrasal Bundela,
a great medieval warrior, regarding the diamond mines of Panna and
thus strengthened his financial position. He also persuaded Chhatrasal
to make Panna his capital and arranged his coronation there.
Panna district of today has been carved mainly out of former princely
states of Panna and Ajaigarh. Originally a Gond settlement up to
the thirteenth century, it was raised to importance by Raja Chhatrasal
Bundela who made it his capital.
From explorations, it is proved that primitive men inhabited the
district in the earlier pre-historic period. During the Ramayan
period the Panna region seems to have been included in the great
Dandkaranya. The district was the part of the vast empires of Mauryas,
Shungas and Imperial Guptas. From the middle of the 10th century
AD to the second half of the 13th century, the Chandellas kingdom
included Khajuraho, Kalingar and Ajaigarh. When the Bundelas came
to power in the 17th century, the area came to be known as Bundelkhand.
General Information & Accomdation info on Panna city of Madhya
Pradesh - India