originally was the fort capital of the Parmar rulers of Malwa. And
it is settled along the Vindhya ranges at an altitude of 2,000 feet.
Towards the end of the 13th century, it came under the authority
of the Sultans of Malwa. Since, they were the first rulers they
named it Shadiabad - 'The City of Joy'. The rulers built exquisite
palaces like the Jahaz and Hindola Mahals, ornamental canals, baths
and pavilions, which were graceful and refined.
The palace of Baz Bahadur, is a striking example of Afghan architecture
and pavilion of Rani Roopmati, placed strategically, overlooks the
palace. Architecturally, Mandu represents the best in a provincial
Islamic style, restrained and lacking in an elaborate external ornamentation
Each of Mandu's structures is an architectural gem; outstanding
like the massive Jami Masjid and Hoshang Shah's tomb, which provided
inspiration to the master builders of the Taj Mahal centuries later.
The Mandu City is situated at an altitude of 2079
ft. and extends for 8 miles against the rugged backdrop of the Vindhya
Range, dominating the plateau of Malwa to the north, and the valley
of the Narmada River to the south. Mandu is located 98 km to the
south of Indore, in the western part of Madhya Pradesh, on the Vindhya
Dilawar Khan who was governor of Malwa province
under the Delhi sultanate, founded Mandu, and in 1401 declared himself
Sultan of Malwa. The city reached its greatest splendour under Hoshang
Shah (1405-1435). Sultan Mohammed Khalji (reigned 1436-69) expanded
the state to include portions of Gujarat, Rajasthan, and the Deccan.
The authority of Malwa's sultans declined towards the end of the
fifteenth century, and in the early 1500's the sultan sought the
aid of the sultans of Gujarat to counter the growing power of the
Rajputs, while the Rajputs sought the aid of the Sesodia Rajput
kings of Mewar. Gujarat stormed Mandu in 1518 and 1531, and shortly
thereafter the Malwa sultanate collapsed. The Mughal emperor Akbar
captured Malwa in 1562, and made it a province of his empire. Emperor
Jehangir enjoyed the beauty and climate of Mandu. Mandu was abandoned
by the seventeenth century.
General Information & Accomdation info on Mandu city of Madhya
Pradesh - India