is an ancient city in central India situated in the Central India
on the banks of the holy river Narmada. The name Jabalpur is derived
from the Arabic word "Jabal" which means mountain. Jabalpur
apart from being a pleasure resort and a capital of the Gond Kings,
was later also the throne of the Kalchuri dynasty. The Marathas
held an authority over Jabalpur until 1817, when the British extorted
it from them and left their impression on this city since it later
became one of their colonies. Today, Jabalpur is an important administrative
centre, busy with commercial activity.
Jabalpur's location extends from 23.15° N to the longitude
of 79.97° E. Jabalpur is also surrounded by low, rocky, and
barren hillocks. Almost south of Khajuraho and east of Bhopal, this
city is principally situated on the Narmada River. It is also surrounded
by Kariapather hillock to the northeast, Sita Pahad and Kandhari
hills to the east, Madan Mahal hills and rocks to the southwest.
The main water reservoir of Khandari and Pariyat are located to
the northeast direction of the city.
Jabalpur the name is also derived from the sage Jabali
and Jabalpur is said to be his tapsya bhumi. Even various relics
of the Ashoka dynasty have been found. It was also the capital of
the famous Tripuri kingdom. In the 16th century the Gond raja of
Garha Mandla extended his power over fifty-two districts, including
the present Jabalpur. During the minority of his grandson, Asaf
Khan, the viceroy of Kara Manikpur, conquered the Garha principality
and held it at first as an independent chief. Eventually he submitted
to the mughal emperor Akbar. The princes of Garha Mandla maintained
a practical independence until their subjugation by the Maratha
governors of Sagar in 1781. In 1798 the Maratha Peshwa granted the
Narmada valley to the Bhonsle princes of Nagpur, who continued to
hold the district until the British occupied it in 1818.
Under the Britishers, Jabalpur became the capital of the Saugor
and Nerbudda territories, which was part of the British northwestern
province. At that time it becamo infamous for thugs, but it became
more famous because of Col. Sleeman, who suppressed thugs. The Saugor
and Nerbudda Territories became part of new Central Provinces in
1861, which in 1903 became the Central Provinces and Berar. By the
early 20th Century Jabalpur was the headquarters of a brigade in
the 5th division of the Southern Army.
Even the Tripuri Congress session in 1939 was an important landmark
event, which was supervised by Subhash Chandra Bose. After India's
independence in 1947, the Central Provinces and Berar became the
Indian State of Madhya Pradesh.
General Information & Accomdation info on Jabalpur city of Madhya
Pradesh - India