bustling and vibrant city, Indore lies 186 km from Bhopal. The name
Indore is given to this city due to the existence of the 18th century
Indreshwar deity. It is the largest city in Madhya Pradesh State
in central India. It has the 1,086,673 according to the 1991 census.
It is the commercial capital of the state of Madhya Pradesh. This
city presents a happy blend of historical past and promises of rapid
future modernization. Indore was planned and built by Rani Ahilyabai,
the brave Holkar queen.
Indore is situated on the Malwa plateau at an altitude
of 553 m above sea level, on the banks of two small rivulets - the
Saraswati and the Khan, which unite at the centre of the city. Indore
is also located 22.2 - 23.05o north latitude & 75.25 - 76.16o
While the Marathas of the Deccan where on their
way to North India, Indore was en route for them. The Maratha guerilla
warriors were in constant battle with the Mughal Empire. The local
Zamindars (landlords) who, drawn by the promise of lucrative trade,
settled in the villages on the confluence of the Khan and Saraswati
rivers, thereby laying the foundation of this commerce centre in
1715. In 1741, temple of Indreshwar was erected in the town.
The history of Indore is inseparable from the history of the Holkar
State. The trade centre grew rapidly under the Holkar Dynasty (1733-1818).
The founder of the House of Holkars was Malhar Rao Holkar, born
in 1693 AD. His soldierly qualities brought him to the forefront
under the Peshwa and he was rewarded with the gift of territories
comprising the Indore region. Malhar Rao's grandson succeeded him
and after the formers' death, Maharani Devi Ahilya Bai ascended
The city became the capital of the Indore princely state in 1818
after the British forces under Sir John Malcolm defeated the Holkars
led by Rani Krishnabai Holkar at Mahidpur. She signed the treaty
of Mandsaur by which the control of Indore went in the hand of the
East India Company. Between 1948 and 1956, Indore served as the
summer capital of the former Madhya Bharat state. Currently, it
is the commercial capital of M.P.
General Information & Accomdation info on Indore city of Madhya
Pradesh - India