Kerala has about 30% of its landcover accounted for by forests.
The jungles of Kerala are famous for elephants and tigers besides
other animals like, deer and wild buffaloes. The major tourist activities
that can be undertaken in the wild life parks are wild life tours.
Elephant rides, stay at jungle lodges, tree houses, fishing camps,
The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
Thekkady, about 4 km from
Kumili in Idukki district, central Kerala The pride of Kerala and
a testimony to nature's splendour and human innovation, the Periyar
Wildlife Sanctuary is situated on the banks of the Periyar lake
- an artificial lake, at Thekkady. Here the high ranges of the Western
Ghats are clothed in dense evergreen, moist deciduous forests and
savannah grasslands. Below this thick green canopy roam herds of
elephants, sambars, tigers, gaurs, lion tailed macaques and Nilgiri
langurs. In addition to elephant rides, cruises on the lake and
treks to the ruined Mangaladevi temple - a beautiful old stone temple
situated in the heart of the Thekkady forest, this sanctuary offers
the unique opportunity to watch and photograph wild elephants at
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Idukki
A unique thorny scrub forest with xerophyte species, Chinnar is
the habitat for the endangered Giant Grizzled Squirrel of India.
The last world count of these squirrels was less than 200. Located
in the rain shadow area of the Western Ghats, unlike other sanctuaries
in Kerala, Chinnar gets only 48 days of rain every year. Rich in
wildlife, the mixed deciduous forests here are ideal for trekking.
An extensive Sandalwood forest nearby is an added attraction. This
is also an ideal place to watch herds of Bisons march past. Dry
deciduous forests, high sholas and wet grasslands add to the diversity
of the sanctuary. As one travels from Karimuthi to Chinnar, Elephants,
Spotted Deer, Sambar, Hanuman monkey and even Peacocks can be spotted
on either sides of the road.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary
Parambikkulam is an oasis of tranquil greenery nestled in a valley
between the Anamalai
ranges of Tamilnadu and the Nelliyampathy ranges of Kerala. The
Parambikkulam Wildlife Sanctuary here spreads over an area of 285
sq km on the Western Ghats.
The sanctuary offers an exotic experience of the rare fauna of
Kerala. Quite a few hill tribes, like the Malayars, the Kadas and
the Muthuvans also live in the jungles of Parambikkulam. The fauna
here include bonnet macaques, Nilgiri langurs, lion tailed macaques,
tigers, spectacled cobras, kraits, vipers, turtles, darters, little
cormorants and black eagles.
The sanctuary also has a variety of trees mainly teak, neem, sandalwood
and rosewood. The oldest teak tree 'Kannimari' stands tall here.
Boat cruises can be arranged in the Parambikkulam Reservoir. Trekking
in the sanctuary is possible with the permission of forest officials.
There is a tree-house in the Reserve Forest area in Thoonakkadavu,
the headquarters of Parambikkulam, which has to be booked in advance.
The Rest Houses of the State Forest Department at Thoonakkadavu,
Thellikkal and Elathode offer comfortable lodging.
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
Lying on the outskirts of the capital city, the Peppara Wildlife
Sanctuary is spread over an area of 53 sq. km. on the Western Ghats
and was established in 1938. The place is fascinating for its damsite,
thick forest areas, eucalyptus plantations, crystal clear streams
and rocky terrains ideal for adventure expeditions.
The sanctuary has a rich population of mammalian fauna and is emerging
as a big attraction to wildlife enthusiasts and ornithologists.
Elephants, sambar, leopard, lion-tailed macaque and cormorant are
commonly seen here. Recently, a joint effort has been made by Kerala
Tourism with the State Forest Department and the Kerala Water Authority
to beautify the damsite and provide more entertainment/leisure facilities
Information on wildlife tours, wildlife viewing, wildlife park and nature of Kerala - India