Jharkhand is known for its wood work, bamboo works, pitkar paintings,
tribal ornaments and stone carving. The beautifully carved wood
products and bamboo products show the craftsmanship of the people.
Lack of promotion and marketing for these products has mostly resulted
in extinction of some crafts like paitkar paintings and stone carvings.
Once a dense
forest area, Jharkhand with the abundance of wood, resulted in the
use this for creating variety of wood articles for household requirements.
The artisans of the region were involved in beautifully designing
different articles of household use. These include door panels,
boxes and windows besides wooden spoons etc. These carved and designed
articles are beautiful and has good market both in India and abroad.
The bamboo found in the Jharkhand forest are thin but flexible and
strong. Using these, the artisans of Jharkhand produce different
artifacts like basket, haunting and fishing equipment.
One of the oldest tribal paintings in India, these are also called
scroll paintings due to its appearance,
depicts life after death. This form of painting is in the process
of extinction due to lack of funds for promoting it.
The Malhar and Tentri communities in the State are experts in the
metal crafts and make household wares.
Another traditional craft of the tribes in the area is stone carving
but it is also in the process of extinction. Only few stone carvers
are left with the knowledge and they are also not doing it as it
does not generate any revenue.
The tribals in Jharkhand region are found of ornaments and artisians
of the region make simple ornaments using gold, silver or beeds.
These ornaments are simple but depicts the traditional culture of
In the hilly
regions of Jharkhand and around its capital city Ranchi, there dwell
families who, for generations have revelled in toy making. Their
wooden cut outs, glossed with an eye-catching canary paint depict
the nature around. Of course the sizes are miniaturised for they
are really playthings for children that have wheels for mobility
or detachable limbs that allow free acrobatics manipulated by the
pulling of string. These agile puppets are usually made from palm
leaf slivers painted with pink dots and finger paintings, giving
the right accents to a day of fun and frolic.
The love of the people of Jharkhand for the grand weddings and
their accompanying fanfare is reflected in the toys also. The toy
traders recreate the wedding of Lord Rama or the elephant god Ganesha
in the toys. The lord as a groom is draped in a canary yellow lower
garment or dhoti, the typical wedding finery for a bridegroom. The
tinges of gold on the garment and the veiled face of the toy bride
complete the ambience. Of the scenes of nature nothing pleases these
craftsmen more than the sight of a flock of brilliant parakeets
in paddy green feathers. The contrasting red of the beak is a bonus
that few can overlook. But the bird is not a boring depiction of
its realistic form. Only the colours of the bird are copied and
then re-designed in folk art forms of well- defined lines and frozen
Information on Traditional Crafts, arts, handicrafts of Jharkhand - India