Earlier the name of the district was Lohardaga. The old district
had come into existence after the creation of the non-regulation
South West frontier as a result of the Kol rising in 1831-32.
The name of the district was changed in 1899 from Lohardaga to Ranchi
after the name of a small village now comprised within the headquarters
About 40 km. away from Ranchi on Tata Road falls a village named
Taimara near which flows the Kanchi river, Falling from a height
of about 144 feet Kanchi river makes a pretty fall called Dassam
falls known as Dassam Ghagh also encircled with charming scences.
The tourists are warned not to take bath in the falls or at least
be careful while bathing in the stream.
Ranchi is natures bounty to mother India which has specially
been adorned with falls and streams. Hundru falls is about 28 km.
aways from Ranchi town. The Swarnarekha river falls from a height
of 320 feet making a wonderful scene known as Hundru falls. During
rainy season it takes a formidable form but in summer it turns into
an exciting picnic spot.
Jonha is about 40 km. away from Ranchi. The road leading to Jonha
is a bit narrow but not so rough and rugged as well as arduous as
that of Hundru. There is also a hospice Tourists rest house which
accommodates Lord Gautam Budhas temple. This falls is named
after Gautam as Gautamdhara too, it is approachable by road. The
tourists can go upto Gautamdhara station by train also.
Ranchi, being situated at an altitude of 21,40 feet from sea level,
is a popular health and holiday resort and a place of sacred pilgrimate.Some
comely sights in the town include Ranchi Hill,Tagore Hill,Ranchi
Lake etc.A panoramic view of the town can be behond from the hill
top.The Shiva Temple situated on the top of the hill,is an added
attraction for the devotees for whom it assumes the places of reverence
during Shravanmas same as that of Baijnath Dham (Deoghar).
Is one of the landmark of Ranchi Town. The Shiva temple is situated
on the top of the hill also known as Pahari Mandir. At the
bottom of the hill is Ranchi Lake.Ranchi lake was excavated by Colonel
Onsely in 1842.
Gonda Hill& Rock Garden
About 4 km. from G.P.O., Ranchi on Kanke Road,just in fornt of the
CMPDIL Hq. Is situated the Gonda Hill with a water reservoir at
its top. At the foot of the hill is a big lake known as Kanke Dam
and a lucrative place for tourists.
About 3 km. from the Ranchi G.P.O. the Tagore Hill is about 300
ft. high. As the hill is associated with a history pertaining to
Tagore family, it is known as Tagore Hill. A number of books are
supposed to have been written by Rabindra Nath Tagore on the top
of the hill. At the foot of the hill are situated the Ramakrishna
Mission Ashram and its office and center of Divyayan and agrarian
Jagannathpur Temple & Hill
About 10 km. From Ranchi G.P.O. is another sight seeing place where
the tourists canrejoice and worship. The old temple of lord Jagannath
,built in 1691 in the architectural style of Puri Temple stands
like a fort on the top of the in the hill. Its car/chariot festival
held light part on Ashadhmas draws a big crowd comprising of tribals
and non-tribals. HEC township nearby is an added attraction.
Angrabadi is actually, a temple complex which accommodates the temples
of Lords Ganpati, Ram-Sita and Hanuman and Shiva. The Shankracharya
Swami Swarupanand Saraswati, having been captivated by serene, placid
and celestial beauty of Angrabadi rechristened
it as Amreshwar Dham.
About 39 km. From Ranchi on Tata Road near Bundu stands on the desolate
bush green the elegant Sun temple fashionedin the form of huge chariot
with richly decorated 18 wheels and seven life like horses ready
to take of. Built by Sanskrit Vihar headed by Shri Ram Maroo, the
managing director of Ranchi Express, the sun temple deserves the
title "a poem in stone". The surroundings of the temple,
studded with a pond serving as a sacred place for Chhathavratis
are actually a natures bounty to the peple of Chotanagpur. A beautiful
dharmashala , meant for the pilgrims. The all weather motorable
road upto the temple premises is likely to attract tourists who
will be captivated to behold the newly built sun temple in the placid
and serene surrounding leading to its celestial bueaties.
Forests cover a considerable portion of the district. Dry
peninsular sal is the main type of forests found. The trees
found along with Sal trees are Gamhar, Asan,Kend,Simul and Mahua.
Mostly bears are found in addition to Sambhar,Chital, Nilgai, Hares.
Ranchi is connected by regular Indian Airlines services with Calcutta,
Patna, Mumbai, Lucknow and New Delhi.
Ranchi is on the South Eastern Railway and is directly connected
with Calcutta, Patna, Rourkela, Delhi etc.
Ranchi is situated on National Highway No.23 & 33 and there
are nets of good roads around it. Ranchi is directly connected by
regular bus services with all the main places in the state and also
outside the state.
Minimum 10.3 degree
Maximum 22.9 degree
Minimum 20.6 degree C.
Maximum 37.2 degree C.
Rainfall : 1530 mm annual
Clotthing in Ranchi
Summer : Light Cotton
Winter : Heavy woolen
Best time to visit Ranchi : September
General Information & Accomdation info on Ranchi city of Jharkhand - India