Haryana has a forest covered land of about 3.5 per cent of the
total area. A thorny
dry deciduous forest, pine and thorny shrubs can be found all over
the state. Chief trees are Kikar or Babul (Acacia nilotica), Khair
(Acacia catechu), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Shisham or Indian Rosewood
(Dalbergia sissoo), Pipal or Bo Tree (Ficus religiosa), Aam or Mango
(Mangifera indica), Jamun or Java Plum (Syzygium cumini), Imli or
Tamarind (Tamarindus indica), Barh or Banyan (Ficus indicus), Sagwan
or Teak (Tectona grandis), Ber or Indian Jujube (Zizyphus mauritiana),
Mitha Jal or Pillu (Salvadora indica), Khara Jal or Pillu (Salvador
persica), Semul, Khejri (Prosopis cineraria), Lasura or Lehswa (Cordia
dichotoma), Amla, Dhak (Butea frondosa), Shahtoot or mulberry (Morus
alba atropurpurea), eucalyptus, Amrood or Guava (Psidium guajava),
pine and poplar.
The Kalesar forest is full of Sal trees. The Ritha tree can be
found in the Morni Hills as well as the Kalesar forest. Another
relatively bigger forest is the Saraswati Plantation near Pehowa.
An important shrub species of the state is the leafless Kair or
Teat (Capparis decidua). Another important plant that has religious
and medicinal values, is the Tulsi. A beautiful flowering tree is
the Kachnar, whose flowers are used for many purposes. Other trees
that are found in Haryana are Tun (Red Cedar), Baheda and Bel.
Primates are represented by the Bandar (rhesus macaque) and the
common Langur (presbytis
entellus). The carnivore found in the state are the Leopard (Panthera
pardus), Jungle cat ( Felis chaus), the small Indian civet (Viverricula
indica), the common mongoose (Herpestes edwardsi), Geedar or Jackal
(Canis aureus) and the Indian fox. The state has deer like the Barking
deer (Muntiacus muntjak) , Sambar (Cervus unicolor), Chital (Axis
axis) and antelopes like Neelgai (Blue Bull) and Black Buck. Most
of the bigger wild life, including the Wild Boar is found in the
forests of Morni Hills, Kalesar forest, Saraswati Plantation and
the Aravali hills region, while the birds can be seen at Sultanpur
Bird Sanctuary and Bhindawas Sanctuary.
The graymusk shrew or chachunder (Suncus murinus) and two species
of bats, the common yellow bat and the Tickell's bat are usually
seen. The Gilheri or five stripped palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum),
Seh or Indian porcupine (Hystrix indica), the Indian gerbil, the
common house rat (Rattus rattus) and the common house mouse are
the common rodents found. Sassa, the Indian hare (Lepus nigricollis)
is also found in the bushes.
The common colorful birds such as Indian Roller (Neelkanth), Northern
Green Barbet, Coppersmith Barbet, Northern Golden backed Woodpecker,
Eurasian Golden Oriole, Alexandrine Parakeet, Rose-ringed Parakeet,
Pied Crested Cuckoo, Koel, Kingfishers such as Common Kingfisher,
White breasted Kingfisher, Indian Pied Kingfisher, Red vented Bulbul,
Lal munia (Red Avadat), Purple sunbird, Indian Spotted Munia and
Crested Bunting etc., along with National Bird of India, the Blue
Peafowl, add beauty to the varied wildlife of the state. Besides,
some other birds like White Storks, storks, cranes, White Ibis and
egrets and Yellow wattled lapwings are also found in the state.
: The poisonous snakes like common Indian Krait, Russell's
Viper, Phoosra and other snakes like Blind Snake, Indian Python,
John's sand boa, wolf snake, rat snake and sand snake are found
Lizards : The common lizards can
be seen in the houses. Kirla or girgit is found in the lawns and
hedges and attracts the attention by changing its colors. Sanda
is found in sandy areas. Besides, a few other types of lizards are
found in bushes and areas of thick vegetation.
Tortoise : Two species of tortoises
are also found in the state.
Frogs : The common frogs found
in Haryana are Indian Bull Frog, Indian Cricket Frog, Indian Burrowing
Frog and common Toad.
Fish : The different water courses
of the state abound with many species of fish. The species important
point of view of food and game are the feather back fish parri,
katla, mrigal, chunni, bata, siriha, ghally, mallee, and the snake-head
fish, dolla and curd.
Information on wildlife tours, wildlife viewing, wildlife park and nature of Haryana - India