The district headquarter is situated in Sonipat. Other smaller
towns are Gohana, Ganaur, Murthal and Rai. The total area of Sonipat
district is 2,260 sq km and its population is 10,64,000. Sonipat
is bordered by the states of Delhi and Uttar Pradesh as well as
the districts of Rohtak, Jind and Panipat. The River Yamuna runs
along the eastern boundary of the district.
District Sonepat comprises of 3 sub-divisions namely Ganaur, Sonepat
and Gohana and seven blocks (Ganaur, Sonipat, Rai, Kharkhoda, Gohana,
Kathura and Mundlana) has been carved out of Rohtak and made a full
fledged district on 22 December 1972. Sonepat is the largest tehsil
followed by Gohana.
Broadly speaking, the district is a continuous part of the Haryana-Punjab
plain, but the area is not leveled in some parts. Over most of the
district, the soil is fine loam of rich color. However, some areas
has sandy soil and others are comprised of Kallar. The plain has
a gradual slope to the south and east. The district may be roughly
divided into three regions:
Along the River Yamuna is a narrow flood plain, 3 to 6 km wide,
and is formed by the river along its course. The Khader plain is
20 to 30 ft. lower adjoining upland plain. It is comprised of fine
clay loam left by the receding floods of the Yamuna. Presently,
rice and sugar cane cultivation is undertaken by the farmers in
the Khadar area. Recently, the farmers have started planting Banana,
Pappaya and other fruits trees in this area.
The Upland Plain
It consists of Sonepat tehsil lying to the west of the Khadar, and
is the most extensive of the three regions: The Upland Plain is
covered with old alluvium , which if properly irrigated, is highly
productive. Extensive Farming of crops, oil seeds, horticultural
plants, vegetables and flowers, is undertaken in this region. The
ridges in Gohana tehsil represent the northern most extension of
The Sandy Region
A very smaller part of the district is covered with soil comprising
of sand or sandy loam. Parts of this region has high PH value leading
to kallor land.
The climate of District Sonipat is dry with an extremely hot summer
and a cold winter. The weather becomes comparatively mild during
the monsoon (period July to September). The post-monsoon months
October and November constitute a transition period, prior to the
onset of winter.
The cold season starts towards the later half of November when
day and night temperatures fall rapidly. January is the coldest
month when the mean daily minimum temperature is 6 to 7 Degree Centigrade
in the winter months. During ncold waves, the minimum temperature
may go down to the freezing point of water, and frosts can occur.
During the summer months of May and June, the maximum temperature
sometimes reaches 47 Degree Centigrade. Temperature drops considerably
with the advancement of monsoon in June. However, the night temperature
during this period continues to be high.
General Information & Accomdation info on Sonipat city of Haryana - India