remained an important centre of commerce and political activity
till the period of Feroze Shah Tughluq as it was situated on the
ancient trade route between Taxila and Mathura. Earlier excavations
proved the potentiality of the site and its ancient name 'Agrodaka',
headquarters of a Janapada.
The Agroha mound goes back to the 3rd century BC and is where Harappan
coins were discovered apart from stone sculptures, terracotta seals,
iron and copper implements, shells and a host of other things.
Recent excavations have yielded five cultural periods ranging from
circa fourth century to fourteenth century AD. The excavations have
also revealed two ancient shrines namely a Buddhist stupa and a
Located 32 kms from Delhi , Badkhal Lake is a splendid lake retreat.
A bastion of pleasure. A spot to holiday. Strange though it may
seem, the lake is fringed by hills - 32 km from Delhi. Come winter
and flocks of bird descend upon it. Here is an ornithologist's delight.
Badkhal Lake, fringed by hills is a man-made embankment, which
holds back the waters of the lake making it a perfect spot for water-sports.
On one inlet in the surrounding hill there are rest huts, which
are small, cozy and compact. On request, one can hire a private
jetty for a pleasurable boat ride. The Badkhal Lake has also been
provided with a compact and cool bath complex.
Motels, restaurants, Minivet huts, camper huts, conference hall
luxury launch for boating, filling station, children's park, a bank
extension counter and adventure sport facilities of canoeing, kayaking,
rock climbing and trekking available.
Badkhal delights with its accommodation wings. View the serene
lake. Luxury in the guestrooms is not over opulent, just welcoming.
The rooms on the first floor have their own balconies. On the ground
floor is a tiny garden, just for a chat or two, from where Badkhal
Lake spreads out - far into the distance. Monsoon streams and rivulets
have grooved the face of the august Aravalli hills.
On one such inlet, rest the twin Minivet Huts that are cozy and
compact, complete with two beds rooms, drawing room, kitchenette
and a little garden. On request the private jetty gets a boat for
a pleasurable evening.
On similar spur, stand the Grey Falcon and Mayur restaurants. Each
with its an ambience. Each with its unique cuisine. Badkhal has
also been provided with a compact and cozy bath complex. The swimming
pool has a decorated water feature, sauna chamber and massage units.
A luxury yacht ride is not an impossible thing over the placid waters
of the lake.
On weekends and holidays, the crowds collect at Badkhal. The embankment
bristles with sellers of snack food. The playground fills up. Badkhal
also provides the essential services of a filling station and a
bank extension counter.
Birla Gita Mandir
Birla Gita Mandir, is an elegant piece of architecture, situated
on the Pehowa
Road diagonally across Yatri Nivas, two and half kilometres from
the railway station, north of Brahma Sarovar. Enhancing the beauty
of Kurukshetra. The temple, made up of white marble enhances the
beauty of Kurukshetra. Birla Gita Mandir was built by late Shri
Jugal Kishore Birla in 1952.
A large sized marble chariot is installed in the garden. The chariot
drawn by four horses has Lord Krishna and Arjun seated on it with
one couplet from each of the 18 chapters of Gita inscribed on all
sides. A 'Gaj Ghanta' made of white marble has also been placed
in the garden.
There is a popular fable according to which a Titu bird had laid
her eggs in the fields where the Mahabharat was fought and was worried
about the safety of her children when she noticed the movements
of the elephants. She prayed to God and a bell broke from the neck
of an elephant and fell over the nest making it secure during the
18-day war of Mahabharata.
Besides the idol of Lord Krishna, the main hall has portraits
of Guru Nanak, Guru Gobind, Sant Ravi Dass, Guru Teg Bahadur, Ved
Vyas and Tulsi Das along with their sayings.
A short drive from the town of Yamuna Nagar begins the Sal forest
reserve of Kalesar. At Poanta Sahib, the river Yamuna crosses over
the last lap of the Himalayan foothills and flows into the plains
of Haryana. And, the waters of the western Yamuna Canal are caught
in the barrage at Tajewala. Each of these centres is within 5 kms.
The tourism centre of Haryana Tourism at Hathni Kund forms a link
between these attractions. Built on a raised plinth, the complex
over looks the flowing waters of the Yamuna. In the far distance,
stand the foothills of the Himalayas slowly blending into the skyline.
Built by Shah Quli Khan, a commander of 'Four Thousand' under Akbar
in 1589 AD, Jal Mahal, a pleasure tank is a building surrounded
on all sides by water. It represents a synthesis of Persian and
Indian architecture and stands at the centre of a large water tank.
Jal Mahal, a pleasure palace situated in the middle of a tank known
by the name of Khan Sarovar, was built, according to a Persian inscription
over the main entrance.
The entrance to the palace is from the north through a gatehouse
with rooms for guards, constructed over a bridge resting on sixteen
arched spans. The palace consists of a square central chamber with
four small chambers on the sides placed at its four corners.
The corner chambers are double storeyed within the same height.
Four staircases, two each in the north and south faces, give access
to the upper storeys. The roof of the central chamber is crowned
by an octagonal cupola surrounded by a hemispherical dome balanced
by four smaller cupolas placed over the corner chambers. The Jal
Mahal was constructed during the reign of Akbar in AD 1590 - 91.
The tank was completed in AD 1592-93.
Jyotisara, lying 5 kms from the Kurukshetra railway station is one
of the most revered holy centres of Kurukshetra. Renovated recently,
it retains its divinity as the birthplace of the holy Bhagwad Gita.
A 'Vat' (banyan) tree stands on a raised plinth. Jyotisar is the
land of Bhagwad Gita where Lord Krishna is believed to have delivered
the message to Arjuna on the eve of the battle of Mahabharata.
A marble chariot depicting lord Krishna delivering the 'Shrimad
Bhagwad Gita' to Arjun marks the site. In one of the secluded sections
of this centre, an old Shiv temple can be seen. Hundreds of years
ago, a tank measuring 1000x5000 feet was built here.
Mansa Devi Temple
A typical example of North Indian architecture Mansa Devi Temple,
lying in Bilaspur village, about three kilometers east of Mani Majra
in Chandigarh, has two temples dedicated to the goddess. It is believed
that the older temple was built by the ruler of Mani Majra.
According to a popular legend, the shrine was originally in the
territory of erstwhile princely state of Nahan. Some hill people
cut off the stream, which supplied water to the pilgrims visiting
the temple, causing distress to the pilgrims. Thereupon, the goddess
appeared in dream of Gurbaksh Singh, ruler of Mani Majra and asked
him to construct a temple for her at this place.
This temple contains thirty-eight panels of wall paintings besides
floral designs painted all over the ceiling and the arches leading
into the temple. The drawings of the temple are not of high standard
but a great variety of themes is illustrated. The other temple is
said to have been constructed by Maharaja Karam Singh of erstwhile
Patiala State to commemorate his success in the battle against the
On the opposite hillside of the Pinjore valley, 45 kms from Chandigarh
lie the Morni Hills, past the township of Panchkula. Past sleepy
hamlets and cultivated terraces, one witnesses the calm altitudes
of the Morni Hills, on chugging up a hill climb of above 3900 ft.
with wilderness all around. Situated in the lower reaches of the
Shivalik range, Morni is ideal for a holiday with its cool climate,
beautiful natural vistas and myriad opportunities for trekking,
rock-climbing and other adventure sports. The best time for visiting
Morni Hills is from September to March.
Crowned by a pocket of pine trees, the hills look green and blue.
The area is quiet, with hardly a bus moving up the hillside. The
greens are yet undisturbed. The hills delight with their patches
of green trees of pipal, jamun, dhak, the amaltas and the purple
flowered jacaranda trees. The river Ghaggar cuts past the hills
that are dotted with natural attractions. Two water bodies lie in
these hills and are ideal for trek routes. Morni Hills have some
villages, where farming is the main occupation.
Exotic Flora And Fauna
Morni Hills have a fascinating range of flora and fauna. Pines crown
the hilltops and trees like neem, oak, pipal, jamun, amaltas and
jacaranda cover the slopes. When the flowering trees blossom, the
hillsides are awash with color, presenting a delightful sight. Morni
is a paradise for wildlife enthusiasts and birdwatchers with its
teeming population of birds like quails, partridges, sand grouse
and common doves as well as animals like jackals, hare, hyenas,
neel gai, sambhars and even leopards.
Next to Sukhna
Lake, in the city of Chandigarh , there is a world famous garden
called Rock Garden. Situated in the thick forest area, the garden
holds its own charms for the visitors. It is full of objects built
from household and industrial waste. There are no flowers or plants
in this garden.
Sprawling over several acres of woods in the form of an open-air
exhibition hall, theatre trove and a miniature maze all rolled into
one vast fantasyland of art and landscape. It is without doubt,
a tourist spot that is a must on the itinerary of every visitor
to Chandigarh . The city's internationally acclaimed artist Nek
Chand created this unique sculpture garden. Here, the visitor is
led through a maze of paths, chambers and canyons, each presenting
a glimpse of a fantasy world.
The visual delights and the strange history of Rock Garden, has
charmed millions of visitors since it was first opened to the public
The Classic Work Of Art
An unpretentious entrance leads to a magnificent, almost surrealist
arrangement of rocks, boulders, broken chinaware, discarded fluorescent
tubes, broken and cast away glass bangles, building waste, coal
and clay-all juxtaposed to create a dream folk world of palaces,
soldiers, monkeys, village life, women and temples. The open-air
sculptures and concealed gateways separating them are at places
enhanced by a waterfall, pools and an open-air theatre with proper
stage setting where several prestigious performances have been staged.
The object to be seen there are the figures made of raw cement
resembling humans and animals. These figures have been decorated
with broken but colourful odds and ends of China clay. As one looks
at them with deep intent, they seem to be staring at the visitors
while engaged in various activities.
There are a group of dancing damsels made from bicycle and motorcycle's
waste materials, marching armies of warriors resting, flying or
fledging birds, made from countless bits of broken glass. There
are groups of music bands engaged in their activity of entertaining
the visitors. Its creator also needs a mention.
Located 17.7 km away from the city on Delhi -Agra Road, Suraj Kund
is in Haryana State. Tomar Raj Surajpal dug up this Kund in 11th
century in order to meet the water shortage in southwest Delhi.
Today, there is no water in the Kund but the temple of Sun God still
The construction consists of a steeped stone embankment on a semi-circular
plan to impound the rainwaters, from which were recently retrieved
from the reservoir, or which are found re-used in later constructions.
One can enjoy the placid waters of the lake, as there are facilities
Suraj Kund Tourist Complex is a place steeped in history. Tomars
were the first citizens before the first city of 'Lal Kot' was founded.
A little south is Sidha Kund, where there is water, still. Tomar
ruler Raja Suraj Pal had this tank made for his daughter. Suraj
Kund represents the rising sun and consists of a semi-circular stepway
leading down to the lake. Ruins of a Sun temple lie around the lake,
and people insist that the lake had healing powers in days
Suraj Kund Crafts Mela: The Life Of Suraj
The Crafts Mela celebrates the finest handlooms and handicrafts
traditions of country. Held in the month of February from 1st-15th,
the fair embodies the spirit that runs through the people of India
and its rich culture. The Suraj Kund Crafts Mela is held just 8
kms from south Delhi.
Tilyar Lake came into existence in 1976 within an area of 132 acres.
The lake forms an integral part of the set up, making it one of
the greenest stretches one can imagine. It lies close to Rohtak
The tourist complex is splendid and large, and has varied tourist
facilities. Tilyar Lake, a large lake attracts boating enthusiasts.
There are guestrooms, restaurant, bar and a mini zoo for patrons.
Tilyar attracts crowds of holidaymakers on weekends and holidays.
Adventure sport facilities for kayaking and boating are available.
Information on Tours & Travel excursion of Haryana - India