The climate of Gujarat is moist in the southern districts and
dry in the northern region. The Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Cambay
reduce the temperature and render the climate more pleasant and
healthy. The year can be divided into the winter season from November
to February, the hot season from March to May, the south-west monsoon
season from June to September and the intervening month of October.
The average rainfall in Gujarat varies from 33 to152cms. The southern
region of the state has an average rainfall ranging from 76 to 152cms,
Dangs district having the highest average of about 190cms. The northern
districts have a rainfall varying from 51 to 102cms. The rainfall
in the southern highlands of Saurashtra and the Gulf of Cambay is
approximately 63cms while the other parts of Saurashtra have a rainfall
less than 63cms.
The semi-desert area of Kutch has a very low average rainfall. Certain
areas in Ahmedabad, Mehsana, Banaskantha, Panchmahals, Surendranagar,
Jamnagar and Kutch districts face chronic scarcity conditions for
want of adequate rains.
As the Tropic of Cancer passes through the northern border of
Gujarat, the state has an intensely hot or cold climate. But, the
Arabian sea and the Gulf of Cambay in the west and the forest covered
hills in the east soften the rigors of climatic extremes.
Information on weather & climate in Gujarat - India