General Information & Accomdation info on Patan city of Gujarat - India  
Encyclopedia of Tours and Travel to Gujarat, featuring information on Fairs & Festivals, Wildlife, Excursion, Adventure and Weather of Gujarat
Gujarat


Introduction
History
Excursion
Wildlife
Fairs & Festival
Traditional Crafts
Shopping
Getting There
Hotels & Accomodation
Information Offices
Weather
Site Map

 
Map of Gujarat
 
Main Cities

Bhavnagar
Bhuj
Champaner
Chhota Udepur
Dabhoi
Danta
Dharampur
Dhoraji
Gondal
Halvad
Idar
Jamnagar
Junagadh
Lakhpat
Mandvi
Morbi
Patan
Porbandar
Sidhpur
Vansada
Wadhvan
Wankaner
Zinzuwada

Patan

History | Getting There | Travel Guidelines | Climate | Excursion | Shopping | Eating Out

Patan is an ancient fortified town, situated on the banks of the sacred Saraswati River.
Patan was known as Lalitpur, meaning city of beauty. It is situated at 23°52' N and 71°10'E.

It is planned on a circular format with Buddhist stupas at each of the four points of the compass. The city is three kilometres southeast of Kathmandu across the southern bank of the river Bagmati. Like Kathmandu, its most photogenic centre of attraction is its Durbar Square complex, situated right in the middle of the market place. Inside the courtyard of the Golden TempleThe city is full of Buddhist monuments and Hindu temples, with fine bronze gateways, guardian deities also and wonderful carvings. Noted for its artisans and metalworkers, it is also known as the city of artists.

The Jain text, 'Kumarpala Rasa', describes Patan as a prosperous fortified town: 18 miles in circumference with 84 town squares, 52 bazaars, mints of gold and silver, well laid gardens with fountains and trees, grammar school of Sanskrit and Prakrit, numerous Hindu and Jain temples and Sahastralinga Talav.

The urban structure of the town is made of several neighborhoods called Pols. 'Pols' are densely populated and are like a maze with carved wooden facades in traditional Gujarati architectural style.

History
The city is believed to have been built during the reign of Vira Deva in 299 A.D.

Vanraj Chavda, founded it in 746 AD and Patan enjoyed a privileged status of capital of Gujarat, for about 600 years from 746 AD to 1411 AD. The major Rajput clans of Chavdas (746-942 AD), Solanki (942-1244 AD) and Vaghalas (1244-1304 AD) ruled Gujarat from Patan. The glory of Patan reached its zenith during the Solanki period - the golden age of Gujarat. During these years, the city was a great place of learning and a prosperous trading center. The rulers were great patrons of fine arts and architecture and undertook construction of many civic and religious edifices in the city.

After last Vaghela ruler, Karan Ghelo lost to Ulugh Khan in 1289 AD, the Muslims plundered the town, destroyed the temples and ruined the entire city. Today, one can barely find the traces of such a magnificent town.

Top    

General Information & Accomdation info on Patan city of Gujarat - India

 
Main Cities
Bhavnagar | Bhuj | Champaner | Chhota Udepur | Dabhoi | Danta | Dharampur | Dhoraji | Gondal | Halvad | Idar | Jamnagar | Junagadh | Lakhpat | Mandvi | Morbi | Patan | Porbandar | Sidhpur | Vansada | Wadhvan | Wankaner | Zinzuwada
 
Bharat Heritage | Jimtrade.com: India Business to Business Directory