Patan is an ancient fortified town, situated on the banks of the
sacred Saraswati River.
Patan was known as Lalitpur, meaning city of beauty. It is situated
at 23°52' N and 71°10'E.
It is planned on a circular format with Buddhist stupas at each
of the four points of the compass. The city is three kilometres
southeast of Kathmandu across the southern bank of the river Bagmati.
Like Kathmandu, its most photogenic centre of attraction is its
Durbar Square complex, situated right in the middle of the market
city is full of Buddhist monuments and Hindu temples, with fine
bronze gateways, guardian deities also and wonderful carvings. Noted
for its artisans and metalworkers, it is also known as the city
The Jain text, 'Kumarpala Rasa', describes Patan as a prosperous
fortified town: 18 miles in circumference with 84 town squares,
52 bazaars, mints of gold and silver, well laid gardens with fountains
and trees, grammar school of Sanskrit and Prakrit, numerous Hindu
and Jain temples and Sahastralinga Talav.
The urban structure of the town is made of several neighborhoods
called Pols. 'Pols' are densely populated and are like a maze with
carved wooden facades in traditional Gujarati architectural style.
The city is believed to have been built during the reign of Vira
Deva in 299 A.D.
Vanraj Chavda, founded it in 746 AD and Patan enjoyed a privileged
status of capital of Gujarat, for about 600 years from 746 AD to
1411 AD. The major Rajput clans of Chavdas (746-942 AD), Solanki
(942-1244 AD) and Vaghalas (1244-1304 AD) ruled Gujarat from Patan.
The glory of Patan reached its zenith during the Solanki period
- the golden age of Gujarat. During these years, the city was a
great place of learning and a prosperous trading center. The rulers
were great patrons of fine arts and architecture and undertook construction
of many civic and religious edifices in the city.
After last Vaghela ruler, Karan Ghelo lost to Ulugh Khan in 1289
AD, the Muslims plundered the town, destroyed the temples and ruined
the entire city. Today, one can barely find the traces of such a
General Information & Accomdation info on Patan city of Gujarat