Information on Traditional Crafts, arts, handicrafts of Bihar - India   Encyclopedia of Tours and Travel to Bihar, featuring information on Fairs & Festivals, Wildlife, Excursion, Adventure and Weather of Bihar.
 
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Traditional Crafts

Madhubani painting 

Bihar has its usual assortment of rural handicrafts of hand painted wall hangings, wooden stools, miniatures in paper and leaves, stone pottery, bamboo and leather goods and applique work. But Bihar's most famous indigenous art is Madhubani paintings. Originally humble expressions of the sheer creativity of the rural women, these village wall-paintings now adorn gracious city homes and are also exported. This art is a strict monopoly of the women of Mithila. Done in primary colours of natural origin on paper and cloth, they narrate mythological and religious events. However, the ancient designs in bright colours can still be seen on the mud walls in the districts of Champaran, Saharsa, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Samastipur, Begusarai, Purnea, Bhagalpur and of course, Madhubani, the trade centre for this unique art.

Traditional Wall Paintings
The tradition of painting walls for beautification of dwellings in Mithila is believed to have survived from the epic period. Tulsidas gives a vivid account of Mithila decorated for the marriage of Sita with Ram. These decorations are mythological murals, added with deities of Hindu pantheon, besides regional flora and fauna. The earthquake of 1988 devastated parts of Darbhanga and Madhubani. Perhaps, the greatest damage caused was in the palace complex, replete with paintings done two centuries ago, as per the Mithila traditions.

The land of Mithila is covered by the present districts of Champaran, Saharsa, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, parts of Monghyr, Beguserai, Bhagalpur and Purnea. Madhubani is the heartland where the paintings are more profuse than elsewhere.

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Information on Traditional Crafts, arts, handicrafts of Bihar - India

 
Main Cities
Aurangabad | Bodh Gaya | Gaya | Hazaribagh | Jamshedpur | Kishanganj | Muzaffarpur | Nalanda | Patna | Rajgir | Sasaram | Vaishali
 
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