Fairs & Festival
Assam is a land of fairs and festivals. Most of the festivals celebrated
in Assam have their roots in the diverse faith and belief of her
inhabitants, but a spirit of accommodation and togetherness characterizes
the celebration of all festivals.
The perfect fusion of heritage of her numerous races has made Assam
the home of the most colorful festivals which are passionate, compelling
and mesmerizing reflecting the true spirit, tradition and lifestlye
of the people of Assam.
Brahmaputra Beach Festival
Coinciding with Magh Bihu, the Assamese harvest festival, this event
offers you a scintillating outdoor experience. Held on the beautiful,
white riverine beaches of the river Brahmaputra, it is a perfect
blend of traditional contests like elephant race, kite flying and
modern adventure sports like wind surfing, rafting, canoeing, kayaking,
para-dropping, hot air ballooning, beach volley ball and beach cricket.
Dehing Patkai Festival
This festival in eastern Assam derives its name from the lofty Patkai
range and the playful Dehing river. It is a heady cocktail of ethnic
fairs, golfing, tea heritage tours, adventures sports, wildlife
excursion and down-mwmory-lane trips to World War II cemeteries
and the Stilwell Road, once the
passage to the golden land of Myanmar. It is organized in the month
of January every year.
Marking the beginning of agricultural season is Assam's most important
festival Bihu. It is celebrated during mid-April with much pomp
Famous for its myriad colours and merriment, 'Baishagu' is generally
celebrated by the Bodo Kacharis during mid April. It is the most
cherished festival of the Bodo tribe and heralds the New Year. The
Bodos also celebrate it as a springtime festival at the advent of
the new year.
The first day begins with worship of the cow. The next day which
synchronises with the first day of the month of 'Bohag' of the Assamese
almanac, the actual merriment begins with the young people of each
household reverentialy bowing down to their parents and elders.
The supreme deity 'Bathou' or Lord Shiva is worshipped during the
festival by offering chicken and rice beer.
For conservation and protection of Asiatic elephant a festival is
organized every year at Kaziranga National Park jointly by the Forest
Department and Tourism Department, Govt. of Assam. The festival
includes many activities by domestic elephants and various cultural
Ali-ai-ligang is the colourful annual festival of Mishing tribe.
It is held on the first Wednesday of the month of 'Ginmur Polo'
(February-March). The ceremonial sowing of paddy starts on this
Rongker, the most important festival of the Karbis, is celebrated
in April to propitiate different gods and goddesses for the well
being of the entire village.
The most important Ahom festival which deserves mention is the Me-Dum-Me-Phi,
i.e., the ancestor worship festival which is observed by the whole
Ahom community. This is performed annually on the 31st of January
at some common venue. This in a way helps to develop social contacts
and community feelings among the Ahoms. Colourful processions with
devotees in traditional finery are also taken out on the occasion.
Rajini Gabra & Hami Gabra
Rajini Gabra & Hami Gabra is an annual festival of Dimasa tribe.
This socio-religious festival is celebrated before starting new
The Rabha tribe celebrates the Baikho festival during the spring
season in order to propitiate the goddess of wealth ' Baikho' .
Bohaggiyo Bishu, the spring festival of the Deoris - one of the
four divisions of Chutia tribe, is fascinating.
This spectacular fair(mela) is held every year during winter at
Jonbeel of Jagiroad, a lesser known township only 32 kms from Guwahati.
A few days before the mela, tribes like the Tiwas, Karbis, Khasis,
Jaintias from the Meghalaya hills come down with their various products
for this mela. On the occasion of the 'mela' a big bazar is held
here where these tribes exchange thier products with local people
in barter system which is very rare in a civilized modern society.
Before the 'mela' they perform fire worship or agni puja for the
well being of mankind. It is to be noted that during this mela the
'govaraja' or the king of the Tiwa trbe along with his courtiers
visit this mela and collect taxes from his subjects. The significant
point of this mela is its theme of harmony and brotherhood amongst
various tribes and communities. During the 'mela' these communities
perform their traditional dances and music to celebrate the mela
in a befitting manner.
Ambubashi, the most important festival of Kamakhya temple, is celebrated
in mid-June every year. Thousands of devotees throng the temple
on this auspicious occasion.Is held every year during monsoon (mid-June).
It is a ritual of austerities celebrated with 'Tantric rites'. It
is a common belief that the reigning diety, 'Kamakhya' , 'The Mother
Shakti' goes through her annual cycle of menstruation during this
During Ambubashi the doors of the temple remain closed for three
days. It is believed that the earth becomes impure for three days.
During this time no farming work is undertaken. Daily worship and
other religious performances are suspended during this period. After
three days, the temple doors are reopened after the Goddess is bathed
and other rituals performed. It is believed that the mother earth
regains her purity now. This is purely a ritual of Tantric cult.
Ambubachi mela is held at the Kamakhya temple, after being closed
for the afore-mentioned three days. On the fourth day only the devotees
are allowed to enter inside the temple for worship. Thousands of
devotees from all over India visit this mela.
Celebrated with pomp and show during January - February. This festival
is all about tea, music and merriment. A world of festivity with
traditional hospitality, jungle safaris, tea garden visits, golf,
local cuisine, rafting in turbulent rivers, angling, shopping and
cultural extravaganza. A harmonious blend of business and pleasure.
Come and meet the warm hearted people of Assam and savour Assam's
beauty and cultural diversity.
Info on Fairs and Festivals of Assam - india