Gandhi Zoological park:
The park covers an area of 625 acres. It is presently one of the
largest zoo located in the natural settings of a reserve forest
about 4 km. from the Visakhapatnam railway station on the National
Highway at Mathurawada. Nearly eighty species of animals numbering
to about eight hundred are present in the zoo. The Zoo Park has
different sections for primates, carnivores, lesser carnivores,
small mammals, reptiles, ungulates, and birds.
- Primates: This section houses various species of monkeys -
the common Langur, Rhesus monkey, Bonnet Monkey and other exotic
fauna like Mandrills, Olive Baboons and Sacred Baboons.
- Carnivores: This section has Panthers, Tigers, Lions, Pumas,
Jaguars and lesser carnivores like the Wolves, Jackals, Wild Dogs,
Hyenas, etc. The Himalayan Black Bear and the Sloth Bear are housed
in large mooted enclosures. The Hippopotamus is a special attraction
at the zoo. The Crocodile Complex has all the three Indian Crocodile
- Reptiles: The Reptile section has Pythons, Snakes, Land Tortoises,
Terrapins, Water Monitor Lizards and Monitor Lizards etc.
- Herbivores: Elephant, Bison, Sambar, Spotted Deer and Thamin
Deer are in the collection.
- Aves: A varied collection of birds from the Eastern Ghats in
the large walk-through aviaries is a special attraction of the
zoo. The Grey Pelicans, Rosy Pelicans, Pied Horn Bills, Painted
Storks, Peacocks, Ducks, Love Birds, Budgerigars and Cockateels
form the bird collection of the Zoo.
Mahaveer Harina Vanasthali National
The park was established in 1977. The park is located at Vanasthalipuram,
at a distance of 20 km from the city and originally the area was
under the Nizam.
The flora is of dry scrub jungle with grasslands. Major plant species
found here are Neem, Butea (Flame of the forest), Acacias, Bauhinias
etc. apart from a variety of thorny scrub species. The park is also
famous for the endangered Black Buck, the state animal of Andhra
The other species of animals commonly seen are Monitor Lizards,
Mongooses, Porcupines and Hares besides a variety of Snakes. The
avian fauna of the park comprises over 100 species and includes
Partridges, Quails, Peacocks, Doves and birds of prey like Kites,
Vultures etc. A variety of migratory birds can also be seen round
the year. Short-toed Eagle is another rare species nesting in this
area. This center offers audio-visual education on nature and wildlife
and is supported by a good nature library. An exhibition hall displaying
exhibits explaining intricate problems of wildlife conservation.
The Nehru Zoological Park, was declared open to the public on 6th
October 1963. Spanning 300 lush green acres, the Nehru Zoological
Park is a must for nature lovers. The biggest Zoo in India, it has
over 250 species of animals and birds, most of which are kept in
conditions as close to their natural habitats as possible. This
is the first zoo to create moated enclosures for animals. The Lion
Safari Park, Natural History Museum and Children's Train are the
It has bred some notable exotic and indigenous animals and birds
like the Indian Rhino, Asiatic Lion, Tiger, Panther, Giraffe and
Gaur etc., a number of Deer and Antelopes. In fact, animals bred
in the Zoo have been distributed to various Deer parks and also
sanctuaries for restoring the depleted animals. Even the lions,
both African and Indian are exhibited in this Zoo. It is a treat
for the visitors to visit the only safari park for Indian Lions
in Asia, with almost natural forest setting. The Tigers both white
and normal have their own forest glades. The Panthers (normal&black)
are exhibited in large enclosures with rock cliffs. Others include
the Wolves, Jackals, Foxes and Hyena. Ratel and others represent
the Weasel group.
The Bear, are represented by a group of Sloth-bears, Himalayan
black bear in large moated enclosures. Leading the group are the
herd of Indian Elephants in a large grassy open enclosure, closely
followed by the rare Great Indian Rhinoceros. Matching these are
the group of Hippopotamus from Africa standing proud with their
young ones. The zebras and the American Bison occupy a place of
honour in the Zoo with their Indian neighbours, the Gaur and the
rare Indian wild Asses.
Indian Antelopes, Nilgai Black Buck, Chousingha and Chinkara have
large spacious open enclosures. The Deer group includes the large
Sambar and the beautiful Cheetal (Spotted Deer), the Barking Deer
and Mouse Deer. The pride possession among the deer is the group
of Manipur or Brow Antler Deer, which are almost extinct in the
wild. The rodents are represented by the colourful Malabar Giant
Squirrels, Malayan squirrels, Porcupines, Rabbits, Guinea pigs etc.
The Zoo is successful in breeding all varieties of deer and are
proud to revive and rehabilitate most of them in the wild.
Information on wildlife tours, wildlife viewing, wildlife park and
nature of Andhra Pradesh - India